The Difference and Limitation of Cognition for Piano Playing Skill with Difference Educational Design

  • Katsuko T. Nakahira
  • Miki Akahane
  • Yukiko Fukami
Part of the Smart Innovation, Systems and Technologies book series (SIST, volume 14)


It is an important theme for pre-school teacher education to identify the merits of view to view lesson and of e-Learning method under the limitation of time or the number of instructors. In this paper,we discuss the difference and limitation of skill transfer, comparing two types of prepared learning environment. One consists of annotated scores and model performance videos served by e-Learning, while the other is supplemented with view-to-view lesson after taking the self-learning. The analysis of our experiment will indicate that e-Learning contents provide a powerful method for cognition of correct length or pitch of notes. Based on this result, we will propose a hypothesis that e-Learning is effective to learn items related to the motion control and music perception. Although students can improve their skill by the self-learning via e-Learning to some extent, they get more stimuli from view to view lesson. Those stimuli lead to more freqent awareness and the improvement of cognition of the length of notes, fine movement of notes, or tempo. In contrast, the expression of dynamics of music will turn out not to show any radical improvement in both learning methods. However, the students who take a view to view lesson can get instruction reaching at dynamics of music because of their faster mechanic skill improvement. As a result, we will find that it has some additional effect to change their attitude into the direction more oriented to improve their music expression.


Skill Transfer Radical Improvement Music Perception Correct Length Educational Design 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Katsuko T. Nakahira
    • 1
  • Miki Akahane
    • 2
  • Yukiko Fukami
    • 3
  1. 1.Nagaoka University of TechnologyNagaokaJapan
  2. 2.Tokyo College of MusicToshima-kuJapan
  3. 3.Kyoto Women’s UniversityKyotoJapan

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