Knowledge-Based System for Automatic 3D Building Generation from Building Footprint

  • Kenichi Sugihara
  • Xinxin Zhou
  • Takahiro Murase
Part of the Smart Innovation, Systems and Technologies book series (SIST, volume 14)


A 3D urban model is an important information infrastructure that can be utilized in several fields, such as, urban planning and game industries. However, enormous time and effort have to be spent to create 3D urban models, using 3D modeling software. In this paper, we propose a GIS and CG integrated system for automatically generating 3D building models from building polygons (building footprints) on a digital map. By combining the building footprint analysis with information from GIS maps and domain specific knowledge, the complexity of the building generation process can be greatly reduced.


Computer Graphic Divide Line Main Roof Constructive Solid Geometry Building Footprint 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Daniel, A.G., Paul, R.A., Daniel, B.R.: Style Grammars for interactive Visualization of Architecture. IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics 13, 786–797 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Gruen, A., Wang, X.: CC Modeler: A topology generator for 3D urban models. ISPRS J. of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing 53, 286–295 (1998)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Gruen, A., et al.: Generation and visualization of 3D-city and facility models using CyberCity Modeler. MapAsia, 8, CD-ROM (2002)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Daniel, B.R., Daniel, A.G.: Build-by-number: rearranging the real world to visualize novel architectural spaces. In: Visualization, VIS 2005, pp. 143–150. IEEE (2005)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Jiang, N., Tan, P., Cheong, L.-F.: Symmetric architecture modeling with a single image. ACM Transactions on Graphics - TOG 28(5) (2009)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Aichholzer, O., Aurenhammer, F., Alberts, D., Gärtner, B.: A novel type of skeleton for polygons. Journal of Universal Computer Science 1(12), 752–761 (1995)MathSciNetGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Aichholzer, O., Aurenhammer, F.: Straight Skeletons for General Polygonal Figures in the Plane. In: Cai, J.-Y., Wong, C.K. (eds.) COCOON 1996. LNCS, vol. 1090, pp. 117–126. Springer, Heidelberg (1996)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Mueller, P., Wonka, P., Haegler, S., Ulmer, A., Van Gool, L.: Procedural Modeling of Buildings. ACM Transactions on Graphics 25(3), 614–623 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Kenichi, S.: Automatic Generation of 3D Building Model from Divided Building Polygon. In: ACM SIGGRAPH 2005, Posters Session, Geometry & Modeling, CD-ROM (2005)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Kenichi, S.: Generalized Building Polygon Partitioning for Automatic Generation of 3D Building Models. In: ACM SIGGRAPH 2006, Posters Session Virtual & Augmented & Mixed Reality & Environments, CD-ROM (2006)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Suveg, I., Vosselman, G.: Automatic 3D Building Reconstruction. In: Proceedings of SPIE, vol. 4661, pp. 59–69 (2002)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Carlos, V.A., Daniel, A.G., Bedřich, B.: Building reconstruction using Manhattan-world grammars. In: 2010 IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR), pp. 358–365 (2010)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Parish, Y.I.H., Müller, P.: Procedural modeling of cities. In: Fiume, E. (ed.) Proceedings of ACM SIGGRAPH 2001, pp. 301–308. ACM Press, New York (2001)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Zlatanova, S., Heuvel Van Den, F.A.: Knowledge-based automatic 3D line extraction from close range images. International Archives of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing 34, 233–238 (2002)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kenichi Sugihara
    • 1
  • Xinxin Zhou
    • 2
  • Takahiro Murase
    • 3
  1. 1.Gifu Keizai UniversityOgaki-CityJapan
  2. 2.Nagoya Bunri UniversityInazawa-CityJapan
  3. 3.Chukyo Gakuin UniversityMizunami-CityJapan

Personalised recommendations