Environmental Conditions

  • George Nakhutsrishvili
Part of the Geobotany Studies book series (GEOBOT)


Georgia occupies an interesting geobotanical position as a part of Caucasia – the region which links Europe with Asia. The country is characterized by rather contrasting natural conditions which account for the extremely high degree of divergence of plant communities within this comparatively small area. The landscape of the country includes different types of desert and semi-desert vegetation mainly in the eastern parts of Georgia, luxuriant Colchic forests of moist, almost subtropical climate in the west, and high-mountain plant communities in the north and in the south (See “Map of the Natural Vegetation of Georgia” 2003).


Podzolic Soil Subtropical Climate Chestnut Soil Mountain System High Mountain Range 
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  1. Urushadze TF (1987) Soils of mountain forests of Georgia. Metsniereba, TbilisiGoogle Scholar
  2. Gerasimov IP (ed) (1966) The Caucasus. Nauka, MoscowGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • George Nakhutsrishvili
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of BotanyIlia State UniversityTbilisiGeorgia

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