Simulation of the 2009 Harmanli Fire (Bulgaria)
We use a coupled atmosphere-fire model to simulate a fire that occurred on August 14–17, 2009, in the Harmanli region, Bulgaria. Data was obtained from GIS and satellites imagery, and from standard atmospheric data sources. Fuel data was classified in the 13 Anderson categories. For correct fire behavior, the spatial resolution of the models needed to be fine enough to resolve the essential micrometeorological effects. The simulation results are compared to available incident data. The code runs faster than real time on a cluster. The model is available from openwfm.org and it extends WRF-Fire from WRF 3.3 release.
KeywordsShuttle Radar Topography Mission Burned Area Outer Domain Fuel Level Parallel Scaling
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- 1.Anderson, H.E.: Aids to determining fuel models for estimating fire behavior. General Technical Report INT-122, US Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Intermountain Forest and Range Experiment Station (1982), http://www.fs.fed.us/rm/pubs_int/int_gtr122.html
- 7.Mandel, J., Beezley, J.D., Kondratenko, V.Y.: Fast Fourier transform ensemble Kalman filter with application to a coupled atmosphere-wildland fire model. In: Gil-Lafuente, A.M., Merigo, J.M. (eds.) Computational Intelligence in Business and Economics, Proceedings of MS 2010, pp. 777–784. World Scientific (2010), also available as arXiv:1001.1588Google Scholar
- 8.Rothermel, R.C.: A mathematical model for predicting fire spread in wildland fires. USDA Forest Service Research Paper INT-115 (1972), http://www.treesearch.fs.fed.us/pubs/32533
- 9.Skamarock, W.C., Klemp, J.B., Dudhia, J., Gill, D.O., Barker, D.M., Duda, M.G., Huang, X.Y., Wang, W., Powers, J.G.: A description of the Advanced Research WRF version 3. NCAR Technical Note 475 (2008), http://www.mmm.ucar.edu/wrf/users/docs/arw_v3.pdf