Abnormalities of the Chest Wall and Breast

  • John M. Hutson
  • Spencer W. Beasley


We describe how to assess anomalies of the anterior chest wall (pectus excavatum and carinatum and Poland syndrome) and the posterior chest wall, particularly scoliosis, kyphosis and backache. Then, there is a section on congenital and acquired breast anomalies.


Costal Cartilage Pectus Excavatum Breast Enlargement Chest Wall Deformity Poland Syndrome 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • John M. Hutson
    • 1
  • Spencer W. Beasley
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of UrologyRoyal Children’s HospitalMelbourneAustralia
  2. 2.Paediatric Surgery Department OtagoUniversity Christchurch HospitalChristchurchNew Zealand

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