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Brain Computer Interface for Hand Motor Function Restoration and Rehabilitation

  • Donatella Mattia
  • Floriana Pichiorri
  • Marco Molinari
  • Rüdiger Rupp
Chapter
Part of the Biological and Medical Physics, Biomedical Engineering book series (BIOMEDICAL)

Abstract

Long-term disability is often associated with persistent impairment of an upper limb. In this respect, neurological rehabilitation aims to lessen motor impairment and related disability either by restoring functions with the help of assistive devices to aid daily living activities or by applying rehabilitative protocols based on task-specific training and practice to enhance recovery of motor functions. Brain–computer interface technology is a promising rehabilitation device in every such sense. On the one hand, BCI systems can be utilized to bypass central nervous system injury by controlling neuroprosthetics for patient’s arm to manage reach and grasp functional activities in peripersonal space. On the other, BCI technology can encourage motor training and practice by offering an on-line feedback about brain signals associated with mental practice, motor intention and other neural recruitment strategies, and thus helping to guide neuroplasticity associated with post-stroke motor impairment and its recovery. This chapter aims to provide a focused overview of non invasive-BCI technology advancement to serve patients in the field of restoration and recovery of hand motor function impairment accompanying spinal cord injuries and stroke.

Keywords

Spinal Cord Injury Stroke Patient Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation Motor Imagery Stroke Survivor 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work is supported by the European ICT Programme Project FP7-224631 (TOBI—Tools for Brain Computer Interaction). This chapter only reflects the authors’ views and funding agencies are not liable for any use that may be made of the information contained herein.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Clinical Neurophysiology, Neuroelectrical Imaging and BCI LabFondazione Santa Lucia, IRCCSRomeItaly
  2. 2.Spinal Cord Injury UnitFondazione Santa Lucia, IRCCSRomeItaly
  3. 3.Spinal Cord Injury CenterHeidelberg University HospitalHeidelbergGermany

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