Can Dry EEG Sensors Improve the Usability of SMR, P300 and SSVEP Based BCIs?

  • Günter Edlinger
  • Christoph Guger
Part of the Biological and Medical Physics, Biomedical Engineering book series (BIOMEDICAL)


A BCI enables a new communication channel that bypasses the standard neural pathways and output channels and in order to control an external device. BCI technology has been developed to enable lost body or communication functions in handicapped persons. Recently BCI systems are used for communication purposes, to control robotic devices to control games or for rehabilitation. This means BCI systems are not only built for user groups with special needs but also for healthy people. A limiting factor in the wide-spread application is the usage of abrasive gel and conductive paste to mount EEG electrodes. Therefore many research groups are now working on the practical usability of dry electrodes to completely avoid the usage of electrode gel. In this chapter results for endogenous and exogenous BCI approaches are presented and discussed based on the g.SAHARA dry electrode sensor concept. Raw EEG data, power spectra, the time course of evoked potentials, ERD/ERS values and BCI accuracy are compared for three BCI setups based on P300, SMR and SSVEP BCIs. Although the focus in this study was set to P300 evoked potentials it could be demonstrated that the used electrode concept works well for BCI based on P300, SMR and SSVEP BCI.


Linear Discriminant Analysis Motor Imagery Evoke Potential Slow Cortical Potential Beta Frequency Range 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.g.tec medical engineering GmbHSchiedlbergAustria
  2. 2.Guger Technologies OGGrazAustria

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