Recent and Upcoming BCI Progress: Overview, Analysis, and Recommendations

  • Brendan Z. Allison
  • Stephen Dunne
  • Robert Leeb
  • José del R. Millán
  • Anton Nijholt
Part of the Biological and Medical Physics, Biomedical Engineering book series (BIOMEDICAL)


Brain–computer interfaces (BCIs) are finally moving out of the laboratory and beginning to gain acceptance in real-world situations. As BCIs gain attention with broader groups of users, including persons with different disabilities and healthy users, numerous practical questions gain importance. What are the most practical ways to detect and analyze brain activity in field settings? Which devices and applications are most useful for different people? How can we make BCIs more natural and sensitive, and how can BCI technologies improve usability? What are some general trends and issues, such as combining different BCIs or assessing and comparing performance? This book chapter provides an overview of the different sections of this book, providing a summary of how authors address these and other questions. We also present some predictions and recommendations that ensue from our experience from discussing these and other issues with our authors and other researchers and developers within the BCI community. We conclude that, although some directions are hard to predict, the field is definitely growing and changing rapidly, and will continue doing so in the next several years.


Independent Component Analysis Healthy User Modest Progress Multimodal Environment Invasive BCIs 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Brendan Z. Allison
    • 1
  • Stephen Dunne
    • 2
  • Robert Leeb
    • 3
  • José del R. Millán
    • 3
  • Anton Nijholt
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Cognitive ScienceUniversity of California at San DiegoSan DiegoUSA
  2. 2.BarcelonaSpain
  3. 3.Chair in Non-Invasive Brain-Machine InterfaceÉcole Polytechnique Fédérale de LausanneLausanneSwitzerland
  4. 4.Human Media InteractionUniversity of TwenteEnschedeThe Netherlands

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