Results

Chapter
Part of the Springer Theses book series (Springer Theses)

Abstract

Rydberg EIT in thermal samples has already demonstrated coherent optical detection and excitation of the Rydberg states. In addition, the large polarisability of the Rydberg states have been exploited to control the properties of the probe field to create an optical switch and a giant electro-optic effect that is 10\(^6\) times larger than a typical nitrobenzene Kerr lens. However, observation of dipole blockade in room temperature samples is challenging.

Keywords

Probe Beam Rabi Frequency Rydberg State Rydberg Atom Coupling Laser 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. 1.
    A.K. Mohapatra, T.R. Jackson, C.S. Adams, Coherent optical detection of highly excited Rydberg states using electromagnetically induced transparency. Phys. Rev. Lett. 98(11), 113003 (2007)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    H. Kübler, J.P. Shaffer, T. Baluktsian, R. Löw, T. Pfau, Coherent excitation of Rydberg atoms in micrometre-sized atomic vapour cells. Nat. Photon. 4, 112 (2010)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    M.G. Bason, M. Tanasittikosol, A. Sargsyan, A.K. Mohapatra, D. Sarkisyan, R.M. Potvliege, C.S. Adams, Enhanced electric field sensitivity of rf-dressed Rydberg dark states. New J. Phys. 12, 065015 (2010)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    A.K. Mohapatra, M.G. Bason, B. Butscher, K.J. Weatherill, C.S. Adams, A giant electro-optic effect using polarizable dark states. Nat. Phys. 4, 890 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    I.I. Beterov, I.I. Ryabtsev, D.B. Tretyakov, V.M. Entin, Quasiclassical calculations of blackbody-radiation-induced depopulation rates and effective lifetimes of Rydberg nS, nP, and nD alkali-metal atoms with n \(\le \) 80. Phys. Rev. A 79(5), 052504 (2009)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    K.J. Weatherill, J.D. Pritchard, R.P. Abel, M.G. Bason, A.K. Mohapatra, C.S. Adams, Electromagnetically induced transparency of an interacting cold Rydberg ensemble. J. Phys. B 41(20), 201002 (2008)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    T.A. Johnson, E. Urban, T. Henage, L. Isenhower, D.D. Yavuz, T.G. Walker, M. Saffman, Rabi oscillations between Ground and Rydberg states with dipole–dipole atomic interactions. Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(11), 113003 (2008)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    A. Grabowski, R. Heidemann, R. Löw, J. Stuhler, T. Pfau, High resolution Rydberg spectroscopy of ultracold rubidium atoms. Fortschr. Phys. 54(8–10), 765 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    T. Vogt, M. Viteau, J. Zhao, A. Chotia, D. Comparat, P. Pillet, Dipole blockade at Förster resonances in high resolution laser excitation of Rydberg states of cesium atoms. Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(8), 083003 (2006)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    M. Reetz-Lamour, T. Amthor, J. Deiglmayr, M. Weidemüller, Rabi oscillations and excitation trapping in the coherent excitation of a mesoscopic frozen Rydberg gas. Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(25), 253001 (2008)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    B. Sanguinetti, H.O. Majeed, M.L. Jones, B.T.H. Varcoe, Precision measurements of quantum defects in the \(n\)P\(_{3/2}\) Rydberg states of \(^{85}\)Rb. J. Phys. B 42(16), 165004 (2009)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    A. Tauschinsky, R.M.T. Thijssen, S. Whitlock, H.B. van Linden, van den Heuvell, and R. J. C. Spreeuw., Spatially resolved excitation of Rydberg atoms and surface effects on an atom chip. Phys. Rev. A 81, 063411 (2010)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    P.J. Tanner, J. Han, E.S. Shuman, T.F. Gallagher, Many-body ionization in a frozen Rydberg gas. Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(4), 043002 (2008)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    J.O. Day, E. Brekke, T.G. Walker, Dynamics of low-density ultracold Rydberg gases. Phys. Rev. A 77(5), 052712 (2008)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    T. Wang, S.F. Yelin, R. Côté, E.E. Eyler, S.M. Farooqi, P.L. Gould, M. Koštrun, D. Tong, D. Vrinceanu, Superradiance in ultracold Rydberg gases. Phys. Rev. A 75(3), 033802 (2007)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    J.D. Pritchard, A. Gauguet, K.J. Weatherill, C.S. Adams, Optical non-linearity in a dynamical Rydberg gas. J. Phys. B 44(18), 184019 (2011)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    T. Amthor, M. Reetz-Lamour, S. Westermann, J. Denskat, M. Weidemüller, Mechanical effect of van der Waals interactions observed in real time in an ultracold Rydberg gas. Phys. Rev. Lett. 98(2), 023004 (2007)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    A. Chotia, M. Viteau, T. Vogt, D. Comparat, P. Pillet, Kinetic Monte Carlo modelling of dipole blockade in Rydberg excitation experiment. New J. Phys. 10, 045031 (2008)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    W. Li, P.J. Tanner, Y. Jamil, T.F. Gallagher, Ionization and plasma formation in high n cold Rydberg samples. Eur. Phys. J. D. 40(1), 27 (2006)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    C. Ates, S. Sevinçli, T. Pohl, Electromagnetically induced transparency in strongly interacting Rydberg gases. Phys. Rev. A 83(4), 041802 (2011)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    L.V. Hau, S.E. Harris, Z. Dutton, C.H. Behroozi, Light Speed reduction to 17 metres per second in an ultracold atomic gas. Nature 397, 594 (1999)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    R.W. Boyd, Nonlinear Optics, 3rd edn. (Academic Press, USA, 2008)Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    T.J. Carroll, K. Claringbould, A. Goodsell, M.J. Lim, M.W. Noel, Angular dependence of the dipole–dipole interaction in a nearly one-dimensional sample of Rydberg atoms. Phys. Rev. Lett. 93(15), 153001 (2004)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    J.D. Pritchard, D. Maxwell, A. Gauguet, K.J. Weatherill, M.P.A. Jones, C.S. Adams, Cooperative atom-light interaction in a blockaded Rydberg ensemble. Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(19), 193603 (2010)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    I. G. Hughes, T.P.A. Hase, Measurements and their Uncertainties: A Practical Guide to Modern Error Analysis (Oxford University Press, Oxford, 2010)Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    H. Schempp, G. Günter, C.S. Hofmann, C. Giese, S.D. Saliba, B.D. DePaola, T. Amthor, M. Weidemüller, S. Sevinçli, T. Pohl, Coherent population trapping with controlled interparticle interactions. Phys. Rev. Lett. 104(17), 173602 (2010)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    S. Sevinçli, C. Ates, T. Pohl, H. Schempp, C.S. Hofmann, G. Günter, T. Amthor, M. Weidemüller, J.D. Pritchard, D. Maxwell, A. Gauguet, K.J. Weatherill, M.P.A. Jones, C.S. Adams, Quantum interference in three-level Rydberg gases: coherent population trapping and electromagnetically induced transparency. J. Phys. B 44, 184018 (2011)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    M. Tanasittikosol, J.D. Pritchard, D. Maxwell, A. Gauguet, K.J. Weatherill, R.M. Potvliege, C.S. Adams, Microwave dressing of Rydberg dark states. J. Phys. B 44(18), 184020 (2011). http://stacks.iop.org/0953-4075/44/i=18/a=184020 Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    S.A. Aljunid, M.K. Tey, B. Chng, T. Liew, G. Maslennikov, V. Scarani, C. Kurtsiefer, Phase shift of a weak coherent beam induced by a single atom. Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(15), 153601 (2009)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Durham UniversityDurhamUK

Personalised recommendations