Advertisement

Energy Security and Climate Change in ASEAN: Implications and Policies

Chapter
  • 728 Downloads
Part of the SpringerBriefs in Environment, Security, Development and Peace book series (BRIEFSSECUR, volume 1)

Abstract

This chapter presents a quantifiable definition of energy security and the various indicators generally used to measure it. These indicators are then applied to Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) countries in order to evaluate their past energy security policies and activities, which include cross-border infrastructure building and hydropower exploitation projects in the region. ASEAN’s efforts at enhancing energy security are analysed relative to its efforts for climate change mitigation, as energy security and climate change have profound impacts on each other. The chapter also suggests alternative approaches for addressing issues related to energy security and climate change in the region.

Keywords

ARF debates ASEAN Climate change Energy diversity Energy security Hydropower exploitation Infrastructure building 

Abbreviations

ADB

Asian Development Bank

AIMS

ASEAN Interconnection Master Plan Study

APERC

Asia Pacific Energy Research Centre

APG

ASEAN Power Grid

APGCC

ASEAN Power Grid Consultative Committee

ARF

ASEAN Regional Forum

ASCOPE

ASEAN Council on Petroleum

ASEAN

Association of Southeast Asian Nations

CIEP

Clingendael International Energy Programme

CMP

Conference of the Parties Serving as the Meeting of the Parties

CPEC

Cambodia Petroleum Exploration Co

EMA

Singapore Energy Market Authority

EU

European Union

GHG

Greenhouse gas

GMS

Greater Mekong Subregion

HAPUA

Heads of ASEAN Power Utilities/Authorities

HSS

School of Humanities and Social Sciences

IAEE

International Association for Energy Economics

IEA

International Energy Agency

kV

Kilovolts

LNG

Liquefied natural gas

mmbd

Million barrels per day

MOU

Memorandum of understanding

mtoe

Million tonnes of oil equivalent

MW

Megawatts

NEA

National Environment Agency

NT2

Nam Theun 2 hydroelectric power project

NTS

Non-traditional security

NTU

Nanyang Technological University

OECD

Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development

RSIS

S. Rajaratnam School of International Studies

SEC

Southern Economic Corridor

TAGP

Trans ASEAN Gas Pipeline

UK

United Kingdom

UNDP

United Nations Development Programme

UNFCCC

United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change

WWF

World Wide Fund for Nature

References

  1. ADB (Asian Development Bank) (2008a) Energy sector in the greater Mekong subregion. ADB, ManilaGoogle Scholar
  2. ADB (Asian Development Bank) (2008b) GMS: climate makers or climate takers? understanding and responding to the challenges of climate Change, GMS development dialogue, Background paper. ADB, ManilaGoogle Scholar
  3. APERC (Asia Pacific Energy Research Centre) (2004) Electric power grid interconnections in the APEC region. APERC, TokyoGoogle Scholar
  4. APERC (Asia Pacific Energy Research Centre) (2007) A quest for energy security in the 21st century: resources and constraints. APERC, TokyoGoogle Scholar
  5. Chander S (2000) South Asia growth quadrangle cooperation in the energy sector. Energy Division (West) of the Asian Development Bank, ManilaGoogle Scholar
  6. Chang Y (2009) Global economic crisis and energy security: integrated energy market. In: Hui Ying S, Wai Mun C (eds) Singapore and Asia. World Scientific, Singapore, pp 99–119Google Scholar
  7. Chang Y, Lee JL (2008) Electricity market deregulation and energy security: a study of the UK and Singapore electricity markets. Int J Global Energy Issues 29(1/2):109–132CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Chang Y, Yao L (2011) Energy security and energy in a seamless Asia. Panorama: Insights Asian Eur Aff 1:57–71Google Scholar
  9. Chester L (2008) The (default) strategy determining the security of Australia’s energy supply. In: Paper for the second international association for energy economics (IAEE) Asian conference: energy security and economic development under environmental constraints in the Asia-Pacific Region. http://www.business.curtin.edu.au/files/Chester_L_2008.pdf. 20 Jan 2012
  10. CIEP (Clingendael International Energy Programme) (2004) Study on energy supply security and geopolitics. Report prepared for DGTREN. CIEP, The HagueGoogle Scholar
  11. EMA (Energy Market Authority) (2005) Initial findings and views on LNG importation into Singapore, Consultation paper. EMA, SingaporeGoogle Scholar
  12. Francisco H (2008) Adaptation to climate change: needs and opportunities in Southeast Asia. ASEAN Econ Bull 25(1):7–19CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Glover D, Lee PO (2008) The environment, climate change and natural resources in Southeast Asia: issues and challenges. ASEAN Econ Bull 25(1):1–6CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Gradziuk A (2009) Energy security and climate change: seeking a balance in the new reality. In: Joanna S, Grzegorz S (eds) Energy security and climate change: double challenge for policymakers. Polski Instytut Spraw Międzynarodowych, Warszawa, pp 9–28Google Scholar
  15. Grubb M, Butler L, Twomey P (2006) Diversity and security in UK electricity generation: the influence of low-carbon objectives. Energy Policy 34(18):4050–4062CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Hiroshi H (2000) The Mekong: environment and development. United Nations University Press, USGoogle Scholar
  17. IEA (International Energy Agency) (2007a) Energy security and climate policy: assessing interactions. OECD/IEA, ParisGoogle Scholar
  18. IEA (International Energy Agency) (2007b) World energy outlook 2007: China and India insights. OECD/IEA, ParisCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. IEA (International Energy Agency) (2009) World energy outlook. OECD/IEA, ParisGoogle Scholar
  20. Kleber D (2009) The US Department of Defense: valuing energy security. J Energy Secur (18 June). http://www.ensec.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=196:the-us-department-of-defense-valuing-energy-security&catid=96:content&Itemid=345. 20 Jan 2012
  21. Runnegar B (1987) Rates and modes of evolution in the Mollusca. In: Campbell KSW, Day MF (eds) Rates of evolution. Allen and Unwin, London, pp 39–60Google Scholar
  22. Sovacool BK, Brown MA (2010) Competing dimensions of energy security: an international perspective. Ann Rev Environ Resour 35:77–108CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Sovacool BK, Mukherjee I (2011) Conceptualizing and measuring energy security: a synthesized approach. Energy 36(8):5343–5355CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Sovacool BK, Mukherjee I, Drupady IM, D’Agostino AL (2011) Evaluating energy security performance from 1990 to 2010 for eighteen countries. Energy 36(10):5846–5853CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Stirling A (1994) Diversity and ignorance in electricity supply investment: addressing the solution rather than the problem. Energy Policy 22(3):195–216CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Stirling A (2010) Multicriteria diversity analysis: a novel heuristic framework for appraising energy portfolios. Energy Policy 38(4):1622–1634CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. WWF (World Wide Fund for Nature) (2009) The greater Mekong and climate change: biodiversity, ecosystem services and development at risk. WWF, BangkokGoogle Scholar
  28. Yergin D (1988) Energy security in the 1990s. Foreign Aff 67(1):110–132CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.HSS-04-65, Division of Economics, School of Humanities and Social Sciences (HSS)Nanyang Technological University (NTU)SingaporeSingapore
  2. 2.S. Rajaratnam School of International Studies (RSIS)Nanyang Technological University (NTU)SingaporeSingapore

Personalised recommendations