4.3 The Onega Basin

Chapter
Part of the Frontiers in Earth Sciences book series (FRONTIERS)

Abstract

The Onega Basin represents one of the largest fragments of continental margin preserved on the eastern part of the Fennoscandian Shield (Fig. 4.34). It formed initially as a Palaeoproterozoic rift basin and contains a c. 2440–1980 Ma, low metamorphic-grade, volcano-sedimentary succession that has served as a stratotype area for the establishment of formal lithostratratigraphic subdivision of the Palaeoproterozoic of the former Soviet Union (e.g. Semikhatov et al. 1991). The Onega Basin succession is widely known for its 13C-rich sedimentary carbonates (Galimov et al. 1968; Schidlowski et al. 1975), which record the greatest perturbation of the global carbon cycle in Earth history, the Lomagundi-Jatuli Event (e.g. Melezhik et al. 2005a). Another remarkable feature is the earliest known petrified giant oilfield (e.g. Melezhik et al. 2009). A recent discovery of thick halite and massive anhydrite beds of Palaeoproterozoic age (Morozov et al. 2010) makes the Onega Basin unique for this time period.

Keywords

Volcanic Rock Basaltic Andesite Baltic Shield Quartz Sandstone Marker Horizon 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • V. A. Melezhik
    • 1
    • 2
  • P. V. Medvedev
    • 3
  • S. A. Svetov
    • 3
  1. 1.Geological Survey of NorwayTrondheimNorway
  2. 2.Centre for GeobiologyUniversity of BergenBergenNorway
  3. 3.Institute of Geology, Karelian Research CentreRussian Academy of SciencesPetrozavodskRussia

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