4.2 The Pechenga Greenstone Belt

  • V. A. Melezhik
  • E. J. Hanski
Part of the Frontiers in Earth Sciences book series (FRONTIERS)


The Pechenga Greenstone Belt (Fig. 4.15) forms the northwestern part of a NW-SE-trending Palaeoproterozoic belt that extends for c. 800 km from Russia through Norway to Finland and back to Norway. About 600 km of that belt occurs in the Russian part of the Fennoscandian Shield and is commonly called the Pechenga-Imandra/Varzuga Greenstone Belt. In order to embrace the entirety of the belt, Melezhik and Sturt (1994) introduced the term Polmak-Pasvik-Pechenga-Imandra/Varzuga-Ust’Ponoj Greenstone Belt. This name is cumbersome for practical use, and still misses the Finnish part, the Opukasjärvi Greenstone Belt. In an attempt to resolve the terminology, Melezhik (1996) suggested the name Transfennoscandian Greenstone Belt (Fig. 3.1); however, it remains to be seen whether or not this will be used in practice.


Volcanic Rock Black Shale Kola Peninsula Greenstone Belt Baltic Shield 
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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Geological Survey of NorwayTrondheimNorway
  2. 2.Centre for GeobiologyUniversity of BergenN-5007Norway
  3. 3.Department of GeosciencesUniversity of OuluOuluFinland

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