7.5 Abundant Marine Calcium Sulphates: Radical Change of Seawater Sulphate Reservoir and Sulphur Cycle

  • Harald Strauss
  • Victor A. Melezhik
  • Marlene Reuschel
  • Anthony E. Fallick
  • Aivo Lepland
  • Dmitry V. Rychanchik
Part of the Frontiers in Earth Sciences book series (FRONTIERS)


The modern (pre-industrial) ocean is characterised by a concentration of dissolved sulphate of 28 mM with little variability in its horizontal or vertical distribution. This homogeneity is a consequence of the long residence time of sulphate of some 25 Ma in comparison to the present ocean mixing time of 1,000–2,000 years (e.g. Holland 1984).


Gypsum Crystal Fennoscandian Shield Seawater Sulphate Sedimentary Sulphide Evaporite Formation 
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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Harald Strauss
    • 1
  • Victor A. Melezhik
    • 2
    • 3
  • Marlene Reuschel
    • 4
  • Anthony E. Fallick
    • 5
  • Aivo Lepland
    • 2
  • Dmitry V. Rychanchik
    • 6
  1. 1.Institut für Geologie und PaläontologieWestfälische Wilhelms-UniversitätMünsterGermany
  2. 2.Geological Survey of NorwayTrondheimNorway
  3. 3.Centre for GeobiologyUniversity of BergenBergenNorway
  4. 4.Institut für Geologie und PaläontologieWestfälische Wilhelms-Universität MünsterMünsterGermany
  5. 5.Scottish Universities Environmental Research CentreGlasgowScotland, UK
  6. 6.Institute of Geology, Karelian Research CentreRussian Academy of SciencesPetrozavodskRussia

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