Judicial Lawmaking by Judicial Restraint? The Potential of Balancing in International Economic Law

  • Thomas Kleinlein
Part of the Beiträge zum ausländischen öffentlichen Recht und Völkerrecht book series (BEITRÄGE, volume 236)


In the framework of this project, both the WTO dispute settlement system and international investment tribunals are portrayed as core actors in judicial lawmaking.1 By weaving international trade law and investment law on the roughly timbered looms of imperfect treaty law, they have proven to be successful creators of the fabrics of a world trade order and of investment protection standards, respectively. Such effective lawmaking, on the part of particular “regimes,” has the potential to increase the fragmentation of international law.


Proportionality Analysis Judicial Institution Appellate Body Report Judicial Restraint Investment Treaty Arbitration 
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Copyright information

© Max-Planck-Gesellschaft zur Förderung der Wissenschaften e.V. 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Thomas Kleinlein
    • 1
  1. 1.Goethe universitätFrankfurtGermany

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