• Allen J. Bard
  • György Inzelt
  • Fritz Scholz


Water molecules adjacent to an organic (nonpolar) liquid or solid phase and also adjacent to single hydrophobic molecules or hydrophobic parts of molecules are forming a shell-like structure via hydrogen bonding. Frank and Evans [i] have called this ’iceberg structure’ because of its similarity with the structure of ice. This structure building is associated with a loss of entropy, and therefore that effect is partially responsible for the low solubility of non-polar liquids in water, for ! micelle formation, protein folding, etc. [ii]. See also’hydrophobic effect.


Impedance Function Ethylene Propylene Diene Monomer Insertion Electrode Chevrel Phase Reverse Iontophoresis 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Allen J. Bard
    • 1
  • György Inzelt
    • 2
  • Fritz Scholz
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry College of Natural SciencesUniversity of Texas, AustinAustinUSA
  2. 2.Department of Physical ChemistryEötvös Lorand UniversityBudapestHungary
  3. 3.Inst. BiochemieUniversität GreifswaldGreifswaldGermany

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