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Myeloproliferative Neoplasms

  • Andrzej Hellmann
  • Maria Bieniaszewska
  • Witold Prejzner
  • Aleksandra Leszczyńska
Chapter
Part of the Principles and Practice book series (PRINCIPLES)

Abstract

This chapter presents the significance of achievements in molecular biology for the group of disorders called myeloproliferative neoplasms in the latest WHO classification. From a clinical point of view, the finding of specific point mutations or gene fusions has finally proven their neoplastic origin. Second, these findings have given clinicians a very useful tool that can simplify diagnostic procedures and make the final diagnosis more precise and reliable. Another advantage is the development of new drugs to target these mutations. While a separate chapter of this book is devoted to chronic myeloid leukemia, here we present the JAK2 and MPL gene mutations in polycythemia vera, essential thrombocythemia, and primary myelofibrosis; the PDGFRA and PDGFRB fusion genes in chronic eosinophilic leukemia; and the KIT gene mutation in systemic mastocytosis. Some new discoveries in this still expanding field are also highlighted.

Keywords

Chronic Myeloid Leukemia Polycythemia Vera Essential Thrombocythemia Systemic Mastocytosis JAK2 V617F 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Andrzej Hellmann
    • 1
  • Maria Bieniaszewska
    • 1
  • Witold Prejzner
    • 1
  • Aleksandra Leszczyńska
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Hematology and TransplantologyMedical University of GdańskGdańskPoland

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