Coronal Mass Ejections on the Sun and Their Relationship with Flares and Magnetic Helicity

  • G. A. Porfir’eva
  • G. V. Yakunina
  • V. N. Borovik
  • I. Y. Grigoryeva
Conference paper
Part of the Astrophysics and Space Science Proceedings book series (ASSSP, volume 30)

Abstract

A brief review of results of observations of coronal mass ejections (CMEs), obtained aboard SOHO and STEREO during last decades, is presented. CMEs velocity, acceleration, mass and angular width are considered in connection with the flares arising simultaneously with the CMEs from common solar regions. Statistically properties of associated CMEs-flares are related. So, higher the flux of the associated flare is, higher the CME mass, angular width and velocity are. The magnetic helicity of an active region (AR) seems to play an important role whether a confined or a CME-associated flare will be produced. The dynamical evolution of CMEs shows that the total energy is kept relatively constant and the energy released in radio and other forms of radiations is not significant. Slow CMEs could propagate through heliosphere with a deflection of \(2 - 3{0}^{\circ }\) both in latitudinal and azimuthal direction obeying an interaction with the surrounding magnetic field. Faster CMEs tend to propagate radially. Data from published scientific papers and Internet have been used.

Keywords

Coronal Mass Ejection Ecliptic Plane Magnetic Helicity Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite Eruptive Filament 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgements

The work was supported by the Russian Foundation for Basic Research grant No 11–02–00843 and by grants OFN-15 and NSH-3645.2010.2.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. A. Porfir’eva
    • 1
  • G. V. Yakunina
    • 1
  • V. N. Borovik
    • 2
  • I. Y. Grigoryeva
    • 2
  1. 1.Sternberg Astronomical InstituteMoscow State UniversityMoscowRussia
  2. 2.Central Astronomical Observatory of RAS at PulkovoSt. PetersburgRussia

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