The Evolution of Cyclic Activity of the Sun in the Context of Physical Processes on Late-Type Stars

  • Maria M. Katsova
Conference paper
Part of the Astrophysics and Space Science Proceedings book series (ASSSP, volume 30)


Features of the solar cycle in the context of stellar activity are investigated. We discovered reliably differential rotation in chromospheres of some stars and presented the first stellar butterfly diagrams. These stars possess less regular variability and do not demonstrate excellent cycles. This is the first evidence for differences of the solar activity from processes on stars with Excellent cycles. We compare indices of the chromospheric activity of the Sun with that for above 1,300 northern and southern stars whose activity revealed during planet search programs. We argue the matter pro and con for two possible ways of an evolution of activity from a contraction phase to 10Gyrs. When a young star brakes down, the chromospheric and the coronal activity weaken synchronously. The solar-like activity of the most main sequence F and early G stars does evolve by this path. The activity of the later stars from G5 to K7 after a definite level evolves by another way: the chromospheric activity diminishes up to the solar level, while coronae stay stronger than the solar one. Two possible paths of the evolution of activity are associated with the different depth of the convective zone of these stars. Physically this means that the relative input of small- and large-scale of magnetic fields differs for F–G and K stars.


Solar Cycle Convective Zone Differential Rotation Cyclic Activity Local Magnetic Field 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



Author is grateful to M.A. Livshits and D.D. Sokoloff for fruitful discussions and Euro-Asian Astronomical Society for partial financial support of participation in JENAM-2011. This work is supported by the Russian Foundation for Basic Research (project 09-02-01010) and the Program of State Support for Leading Scientific Schools of the Russian Federation (grant NSh-7179.2010.2).


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Sternberg State Astronomical InstituteMoscow State UniversityMoscowRussia

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