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This study has addressed the question of how security perspectives influence the perception of water scarcity, and what their impact has been on bilateral relations between Jordan and Israel in terms of security. We saw that different security perspectives result in different perceptions of water scarcity. In order to define the limits of the relevant security perspectives, we raised the question of whether a human security perspective emerged in the Israeli and Jordanian security discourse of scientists and government officials, and to do this we carried out a discourse analysis. We argued that the knowledge on which an actor bases relevant decisions is created in a discursive context, and so the security discourse determines the security perspective; for this reason, a discourse analysis was considered as an appropriate instrument. An important distinction was made between the discourse among scientists and the discourse among state executives.
KeywordsNational Security Water Scarcity Discourse Analysis Arab Country Water Security
- Ministry of Foreign Affairs in Israel (MFAI), 1995: “CNN interview with acting PM Shimon Peres” at: <http://www.mfa.gov.il/MFA/Archive/Speeches/CNN%20INTERVIEW%20WITH%20ACTING%20PM%20SHIMON%20PERES%20-%2014-Nov> (17 December 2011).