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The growing world population and the depletion of natural resources raise the question of the impact of resource scarcity on social relations. In the Middle East the natural resource of water in particular is a major issue, and economic, political, and religious issues are linked to this frequently discussed and important topic. The ambiguity of this issue was illustrated when King Hussein I of Jordan said that the only reason ever to go to war with Israel again would be water (Lonergan 2003). Despite this, a peace agreement between Jordan and Israel was signed which regulated the allocation of water between the states. How fragile such an agreement could be was shown during the drought of 1999, when Jordan announced an “appropriate response” if Israel were to break the treaty and withhold the Jordanian share of water as determined in the treaty (Al Sharq Al Aswat 1999).
KeywordsJordan's Share Growing World Population Israel Human Security Perspective Security Discourse
- Lonergan, Steve, 2003: Water and War; at: <http://www.unep.org/ourplanet/imgversn/154/lonergan.html> (12 October 2011).