Evaluating Suspicious Skin Findings in Children

  • Robert A. C. Bilo
  • Arnold P. Oranje
  • Tor Shwayder
  • Christopher J. Hobbs


The skin is one of the largest organs of the human body (Goldsmith 1990). The total body surface of the skin varies from 0.2 m2in a full-term newborn to around 2 m2in an adult ( 2007). The skin weighs about 15% of the total body weight. It is also the most accessible organ of the human being and plays an important role in the communication between human beings. Skin irregularities and abnormalities can be seen by everybody. Because of its easy accessibility, it is the most frequently damaged organ in accidents as well as in child abuse or physical assaults.


Intimate Partner Violence Child Abuse Skin Injury Physical Assault Mechanical Trauma 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Robert A. C. Bilo
    • 1
  • Arnold P. Oranje
    • 2
  • Tor Shwayder
    • 3
  • Christopher J. Hobbs
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Forensic MedicineNetherlands Forensic InstituteThe HagueNetherlands
  2. 2.Department of Paediatric DermatologyErasmus MC - SophiaRotterdamNetherlands
  3. 3.Department of DermatologyHenry Ford HospitalDetroitUSA
  4. 4.St. James’s University HospitalLeedsUK

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