Meteorological Conditions Associated with Strong Tornadoes in Greece

  • M. SioutasEmail author
  • P. T. Nastos
  • I. T. Matsangouras
  • H. A. Flocas
Conference paper
Part of the Springer Atmospheric Sciences book series (SPRINGERATMO)


Tornadoes are associated with deep convection and severe thunderstorm activity, representing extremely dangerous phenomena. Strong tornadoes, considered those of an intensity of F2 (Fujita scale) or T4 (TORRO scale) or greater, although rarely occur in Greece, however can pose a significant hazard to the community, including property, infrastructure, agricultural damage, injuries even and fatalities. In this study, an analysis is performed of meteorological conditions associated with strong tornado occurrences during the last decade, a period with systematic tornado recording in Greece. Selected cases include a sample of strongest and most damaged tornado cases as have been evaluated in the 12-year Greek tornado database (2000–2011). Synoptic and mesoscale features favourable for the development of such severe incidents, including upper-air patterns, thermo dynamic, wind parameters and convective instability indices, are examined. Thus, a contribution is offered to increase the ability to identify and anticipate such extreme weather events, critical to the mission of operational meteorologists.


Convective Available Potential Energy Vertical Wind Shear Instability Index Radiosonde Data Mesoscale Feature 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



The authors are grateful to anonymous people, media, services and authorities provided tornado information.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Sioutas
    • 1
    Email author
  • P. T. Nastos
    • 2
  • I. T. Matsangouras
    • 2
  • H. A. Flocas
    • 2
  1. 1.ELGA – Meteorological Applications CentreThessalonikiGreece
  2. 2.National and Kapodistrian University of AthensAthensGreece

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