On the Effect of Land Use Change on the Meteorological Parameters Above the Greater Athens Area

  • K. M. Fameli
  • V. D. Assimakopoulos
  • V. Kotroni
Conference paper
Part of the Springer Atmospheric Sciences book series (SPRINGERATMO)


The rapid land use changes that took place in the Greater Athens Area (GAA) the past decades, due to the expansion of the urban grid, have changed the landscape of Attica significantly. Areas that were covered by low vegetation in the past are now replaced by roads (e.g. Attiki Odos) and new towns. On the other hand, accurate and updated data of land use are necessary for simulating the meteorological fields above urban areas, which in turn are given as input to photochemical models in order to study the dispersion of pollutants above urban areas. The purpose of the present work is to study the effects of land use changes on the meteorological parameters, such as wind speed profiles and temperature. For this reason, the meteorological mesoscale model MM5 was applied, using updated land use data. The model ran with the grid nesting method using two grids, the fine one covering the GAA with a spatial resolution of 5 × 5 km2. Results showed that the land use changes affected wind and temperature fields. Wind velocities decreased above areas covered by urban grid that were previously characterised as shrub land, while above the rapidly developing eastern suburbs of Attica an increase in velocities appeared.


Wind Velocity Meteorological Model Meteorological Field Photochemical Model Great Athens Area 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



This research has been co-financed by the European Union (European Social Fund – ESF) and Greek national funds through the Operational Program “Education and Lifelong Learning” of the National Strategic Reference Framework (NSRF) – Research Funding Program: Heracleitus II. Investing in knowledge society through the European Social Fund.


  1. Civerolo KL, Sistla G, Rao ST, Nowak DJ (2000) The effects of land use in meteorological modeling: implications for assessment of future air quality scenarios. Atmos Environ 34:1615–1621. doi: 10.1016/S1352-2310(99)00393-3 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Hong SY, Pan HL (1996) Nonlocal boundary layer vertical diffusion in a medium – range forecast model. Mon Weather Rev 124:2322–2339. doi:10.1175/1520-0493(1996) 124<2322: NBLVDI>2.0.CO;2CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Jackson B, Chau D, Gurer K, Kaduwela A (2006) Comparison of ozone simulations using MM5 and CALMET/MM5 hybrid meteorological fields for the July/August 2000 CCOS episode. Atmos Environ 40:2812–2822. doi: 10.1016/j.atmosenv.2006.01.020 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Kain, JS, Fritsch JM (1993) Convective parameterization for mesoscale models: the Kain-Fritsch scheme. The representation of cumulus in numerical models. American Meteorological Society, Meteor Monogr 46:165–177Google Scholar
  5. Lee SM, Princevac M, Mitsutomi S, Cassmassi J (2009) MM5 simulations for air quality modeling: an application to a coastal area with complex terrain. Atmos Environ 43:447–457. doi: 10.1016/j.atmosenv.2008.07.067 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Schultz P (1995) An explicit cloud physics parameterization for operational numerical weather prediction. Mon Weather Rev 123:3331–3343. doi:10.1175/1520-0493(1995) 123<3331: AECPPF>2.0.CO;2 DOI:dx.doi.orgCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Tokairin T, Sofyan A, Kitada T (2010) Effect of land use changes on local meteorological conditions in Jakarta, Indonesia: toward the evaluation of the thermal environment of megacities in Asia. Int J Climatol 30:1931–1941. doi: 10.1002/joc.2138 CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • K. M. Fameli
    • 1
  • V. D. Assimakopoulos
    • 2
  • V. Kotroni
    • 2
  1. 1.Division of Environmental Physics and Meteorology, Department of PhysicsUniversity of AthensAthensGreece
  2. 2.Institute for Environmental Research and Sustainable DevelopmentNational Observatory of AthensAthensGreece

Personalised recommendations