Multielectrode Array: A New Approach to Plant Electrophysiology

Chapter

Abstract

A number of recent technical advances allowed the ideation of the multielectrode array (MEA) technology, a valuable tool to record electrical activity with high information content both in the spatial and temporal dimensions. Microfabricated arrays, recording hardware and software for data acquisition and analysis, are now commercially available and enable continuous, stable recordings. Here, the MEA system and the different arrays available are reviewed with regard to their intrinsic characteristics and performances. Some interesting applications of the MEA approach in plants and in combination with other techniques (e.g. imaging) are mentioned. Due to the emerging demand for novel electrophysiological methods that allows automated recording from cells and tissues, it is expected that the MEA technology will become a widely accepted and used tool in the field of plant electrophysiology.

Keywords

Electrical Activity Root Apex Spike Rate Recording Area Light Addressable Potentiometric Sensor 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Abbreviations

MEA

Multielectrode array

PBC

Printed board circuit

S/N

Signal-to-noise

Au

Gold

Pt

Platinum

TiN

Titanium nitride

ITO

Indium tin-doped oxide

IED

Interelectrode distance

pMEA

Perforated MEA

PGP

Perfusion ground plate

FlexMEA

Flexible MEA

3D MEA

3D MEA

HD-MEA

High-density MEA

CMOS

Complementary metal–oxide–semiconductor

LAPS

Light addressable potentiometric sensors

AP

Action potential

VP

Variation potential

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Plant, Soil and EnvironmentUniversity of FlorenceSesto FiorentinoItaly

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