Advances of Geo-Disaster Mitigation Technologies in Taiwan

  • Ko-Fei LiuEmail author
  • Chyan-Deng Jan
  • Ping Sien Lin
  • Hsin-Chi Li
Part of the Environmental Science and Engineering book series (ESE)


Taiwan is located in the typhoon district of the Pacific Ocean and is hit by typhoons averaged 3.6 times annually. Many large scale hillside development projects were undertaken in the past decades. These areas have become very vulnerable to natural hazard and usually are subject to heavy damage under slope-land disasters. The loss of people’s lives and properties are severe. The average death toll was 8.26 casualties per event from 1981 to 1999. Starting from 1992, huge resources had been spent in the research of debris flows and landslides. After the assessment and warning system started on 2000, the number of casualties decreased to an averaged 2.23 per event between 2000 and 2008 and the average decreased as time progress. There were 22 large landslides or debris flows in 2008, but the average casualty was only 0.55 per event. This paper describes the technology advances from 2000 to 2010 in Taiwan. The most important advances are in the assessment technology, warning technology and mitigation concepts. The assessment method started with pure empirical formula, then improved to delimiting hazard zone numerically. The most recent change is to include social vulnerability in assessment. The warning system started with very local monitoring to nationwide warning with fine resolution quantitative precipitation estimation with multiple sensor radar system. The warning time has improved to more than 24 h before the disaster. The concept for mitigation changes from traditional structure countermeasures to ecological means. However the most fundamental change is the shifting emphasis from structure mitigation to non-structure mitigation with planning, education and drills.


Debris flow Warning criterion Hazard assessment Social vulnerability  Counter measurements 



This paper requires a lot of information, special thanks should be given to Dr. Wei Liang-Rung from the National Science Council in Taiwan and Dr. Yin Shao-Yun from the Bureau of water and soil conservation.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ko-Fei Liu
    • 1
    Email author
  • Chyan-Deng Jan
    • 2
  • Ping Sien Lin
    • 3
  • Hsin-Chi Li
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Civil EngineeringNational Taiwan UniversityTaipeiTaiwan
  2. 2.Department of Hydraulic and Ocean EngineeringNational Cheng Kung UniversityTainan CityTaiwan
  3. 3.Department of Civil EngineeringNational Chung Hsing UniversityTaichungTaiwan
  4. 4.National Science and Technology Center for Disaster ReductionTaipei CityTaiwan

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