Freezing of Lakes

  • Matti Leppäranta


Lakes are found in all climate zones. A first-order zonation of potentially freezing freshwater lakes can be taken as the continental areas where the January (Northern Hemisphere) or July (Southern Hemisphere) mean air temperature is less than 0 °C (Fig. 2.2).


Deep Lake Coloured Dissolve Organic Matter Breakup Date Proglacial Lake Saturation Water Vapour Pressure 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PhysicsUniversity of HelsinkiHelsinkiFinland

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