Using Weather Information to Improve Route Planning

  • Paul Litzinger
  • Gerhard Navratil
  • Åke Sivertun
  • Daniela Knorr
Part of the Lecture Notes in Geoinformation and Cartography book series (LNGC)


Weather has a significant influence on navigation processes. Driving during a heavy rain, for example, is slower and due to poor visibility more dangerous than driving in perfect weather conditions. Thus from time management and safety perspective including weather information is beneficial. Weather, especially rain may also be critical for transportation tasks since some commodities like straw or sand should not get wet. In the last years, the quality of weather information and weather forecast has improved and could be used to improve route planning.The paper discusses how weather information can be included in route planning algorithms. A first approximating algorithm to incorporate weather forecast data is presented. Some examples showing the impact on route planning conclude the paper.


Navigation Route planning Weather predictions Approximating algorithm 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Agarwal, M., Maze, T. H. & Souleyrette, R. (2005) Impacts of Weather on Urban Freeway Traffic Flow Characteristics and Facility Capacity. Proceedings of the 2005 Mid-Continent Transportation Research Symposium. Ames, Iowa, Iowa State University.Google Scholar
  2. Bijleveld, F. & Churchill, T. (2009) The influence of weather conditions on road safety. Report R-2009-9, SWOV Institute for Road Safety Research, 47.Google Scholar
  3. Brakatsoulas, S., Pfoser, D., Tryfona, N. & Voisard, A. (2008) Dynamic Travel Time Maps. In: Shekar, S & Xiong, H. Encyclopedia of GIS. Springer, New York, pp. 255-260.Google Scholar
  4. Chung, E., Ohtani, O., Warita, H., Kuwahara, M. & Morita, H. (2006) Does Weather Affect Highway Capacity? In Nakamura, H. & Oguchi, T. (Eds.) 5th International Symposium on Highway Capacity and Quality of Service. Yokohama, Japan, Transportation Research Board.Google Scholar
  5. Dijkstra, E. W. (1959) A note on two problems in connection with graphs. Numerische Mathematik , pp. 269-271.Google Scholar
  6. Edwards, J. B. (1999) Speed adjustment of motorway commuter traffic to inclement weather. Transportation Research Part F, 2(1), 1-14.Google Scholar
  7. Goodwin, L. C. (2002) Weather Impacts on Arterial Traffic Flow. Mitretek Systems, Inc.Google Scholar
  8. GRIB.US (2011) Homepage., accessed. 22.12.2011.
  9. Hochmair, H. & Navratil, G. (2008) Computation of Scenic Routes in Street Networks. In Car, A., Griesebner, G. & Strobl, J. (Eds.) GI_Forum, Salzburg; Geospatial Crossroads @ GI_Forum. Wichmann Verlag.Google Scholar
  10. Litzinger, P. (2011) The route change of travel time based routing influenced by weather. Intelligent Transportation Systems. Vienna, University of Applied Science Technikum Wien.Google Scholar
  11. National Research Council (2000) Highway Capacity Manual. Washington D.C., National Research Council.Google Scholar
  12. Seeger, H. (1999) Spatial Referencing and Coordinate Systems. In Longley, P. A., Goodchild, M. F., Maguire, D. J. & Rhind, D. W. (Eds.) Geographical Information Systems. New York, John Wiley & Sons.Google Scholar
  13. Shirabe, T. (2008) Minimum Work Paths in Elevated Networks. Networks and Spatial Economics, 52, pp. 88-97.Google Scholar
  14. Ubimet (2011) Homepage.

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Paul Litzinger
    • 1
  • Gerhard Navratil
    • 2
  • Åke Sivertun
    • 3
  • Daniela Knorr
    • 4
  1. 1.University of Applied Sciences Technikum WienViennaAustria
  2. 2.Institute for Geoinformation and CartographyVienna University of TechnologyViennaAustria
  3. 3.Swedish National Defence CollegeStockholmSweden
  4. 4.UBIMET GmbHViennaAustria

Personalised recommendations