Fish Folk Medicine of Caiçara (Atlantic Coastal Forest) and Caboclo (Amazon Forest) Communities

  • Alpina Begossi
  • Milena Ramires


Medicines and foods are not always exclusive categories in ethnopharmacology. What is eaten, the diets of the animals being consumed, which foods are healthy, and which foods should not be eaten when one is sick are some examples of the ways in which native populations interact with foods, medicines, and natural resources. This study examined native fishing communities in the Atlantic Forest (the Caiçaras) and in the Amazon region (the Caboclos) regarding their medicinal uses of fish and their food taboos. An analysis of those categories and recommendations for conservation practices are presented, taking into consideration the cultural habits of the studied communities.


Amazon Region Medicinal Purpose Carnivorous Fish Medicinal Animal Food Taboo 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



We are grateful for several earlier fruitful collaborations between us and Jose Geraldo W. Marques; we thank FAPESP for grants provided to many of our projects in Ethnobiology, and CNPq (Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico) for the research productivity scholarship provided to the first author.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Fisheries & Food Institute (FIFO) and ECOMARUNISANTASão PauloBrazil
  2. 2.CMUSão PauloBrazil

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