Nonsexually Transmitted Infections

  • Alberto Rosenblatt
  • Homero Gustavo de Campos Guidi
  • Walter BeldaJr.


Balanitis is defined as an inflammation of the glans penis and balanoposthitis occurs when the glans inflammation has extended to the prepuce. Balanitis and balanoposthitis can develop from several causes, and those related to infectious agents (particularly Candida) are commonly observed in medical practice. Bacterial flora from the skin of the perineum, penis, and urethra is mostly comprised of Gram-positive cocci and diphtheroids, and members of the genera Candida and Malassezia comprise the opportunistic yeast that inhabit human genital skin. Moreover, several specific pathogens (including bacteria, virus, yeast, and parasites) may colonize human genital skin and cause anogenital disease, with transmission occurring via sexual and nonsexual routes. In this Chapter, mostly nonsexually transmitted infections are discussed, although some organisms reviewed here may also be transmitted through sexual contact (e.g., tuberculosis, molluscum contagiosum, cutaneous and deep mycoses, pediculosis pubis, scabies, and genital amebiasis).


Necrotizing Fasciitis Cutaneous Leishmaniasis Genital Ulcer Hidradenitis Suppurativa Molluscum Contagiosum 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alberto Rosenblatt
    • 1
  • Homero Gustavo de Campos Guidi
    • 2
  • Walter BeldaJr.
    • 3
  1. 1.Albert Einstein Jewish Hospital (HIAE)São PauloBrazil
  2. 2.University of São Paulo Medical SchoolSão PauloBrazil
  3. 3.Department of DermatologyUniversity of São Paulo Medical SchoolSão PauloBrazil

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