Advertisement

Ethnography

  • Takaaki TsujiEmail author
Chapter

Abstract

Ethnography is a method for describing and modeling phenomena that have occurred in a targeted field. Data collecting through participant observation includes taking field notes, conducting interviews, and having people write self-observation reports. In the analysis of data, discovering the patterns of phenomena which emerge iteratively is important. Describing and modeling the phenomena involves determining and defining phenomena patterns which are discovered and accumulated on a conceptual level and systematically associating them. Ethnography has its origins in cultural anthropology and has developed within social science. The need for ethnography in informatics has emerged because artifacts developed through rapid technological innovations have been introduced in various fields, and induced those involved in the fields to change their activities. Ethnography is a useful method to describe and model circumstances in which peoples actions and behavior in a field unfold in a complex relation to artifacts.

Keywords

American Student English Learning Theoretical Sampling Japanese Student Examination Culture 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. Glaser, B.G., Strauss, A.L. The Discovery of Grounded Theory: Strategies for Qualitative Research. Aldine Publishing, Chicago, Illinois, 1967Google Scholar
  2. Kawakita, J. Abduction ― For Development of Creativity. Chuo Koron Shin Sha, Tokyo, Japan, 1967Google Scholar
  3. Lave, J., Wenger, E. Situated Learning: Legitimate Peripheral Participation. Cambridge University Press, New York, 1991CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Tsuji, T., Nishimura, S., Nojima, E. A Situated Approach to English Learning in Distance Collaborative Course Which Connects Japanese Students and American Students. Journal of the Japan Society for Educational Technology 30(4) 397–407, 2007Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Graduate School of InformaticsKyoto UniversityKyotoJapan

Personalised recommendations