Advertisement

Emotional Decision Making in Large Crowds

  • Alexei Sharpanskykh
  • Kashif Zia
Part of the Advances in Intelligent and Soft Computing book series (AINSC, volume 155)

Abstract

Currently it is widely recognised that emotions of people influence their decisions. In this paper the role of emotions in social decision making in large technically assisted crowds is investigated. For this a formal, computational model is proposed, which integrates existing neurological and cognitive theories of affective decision making. Based on this model several variants of a large scale crowd evacuation scenario with technically assisted agents were simulated. By analysis of the simulation results it was established that spread of emotions in a crowd increases resistance of agent groups to opinion changes and supports continuity of decision making in a group with technically assisted agents.

Keywords

Initial Trust Body Loop Personal Assistant Assisted Agent Large Crowd 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Bechara, A., Damasio, A.: The Somatic Marker Hypothesis: a neural theory of economic decision. Games and Economic Behavior 52, 336–372 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Bosse, T., Jonker, C.M., Meij, L., van der Sharpanskykh, A., Treur, J.: Specification and Verification of Dynamics in Cognitive Agent Models. In: Proceedings of the Sixth International Conference on Intelligent Agent Technology, IAT 2006, pp. 247–255. IEEE Computer Society Press (2006)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Damasio, A.: The Feeling of What Happens. Body and Emotion in the Making of Consciousness. Harcourt Brace, New York (1999)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Baillie, P., Lukose, D.: An affective decision making agent architecture using emotion appraisals. In: Ishizuka, M., Sattar, A. (eds.) PRICAI 2002. LNCS (LNAI), vol. 2417, pp. 581–590. Springer, Heidelberg (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Eich, E., Kihlstrom, J.F., Bower, G.H., Forgas, J.P., Niedenthal, P.M.: Cognition and Emotion. Oxford University Press, New York (2000)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Hesslow, G.: Conscious thought as simulation of behaviour and perception. Trends in Cog. Sci. 6, 242–247 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Janis, I., Mann, L.: Decision making: A psychological analysis of conflict, choice, and commitment. The Free Press, New York (1977)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Kahneman, D., Slovic, P., Tversky, A.: Judgement under uncertainty - Heuristics and biases. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge (1981)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Lewin, K.: Group Decision and Social Change. Holt, Rinehart and Winston, New York (1958)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Magee, J.C., Tiedens, L.Z.: Emotional ties that bind: The roles of valence and consistency of group emotion in inferences of cohesiveness and common fate. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin 32, 1703–1715 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Ortony, A., Clore, G.L., Collins, A.: The Cognitive Structure of Emotions. Cambridge University Press (1988)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Rizzolatti, G., Craighero, L.: The mirror-neuron system. Annu. Rev. Neurosci. 27, 69–92 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Santos, R., Marreiros, G., Ramos, C., Neves, J., Bulas-Cruz, J.: Multi-Agent Approach for Ubiquitous Group Decision Support Involving Emotions. In: Ma, J., Jin, H., Yang, L.T., Tsai, J.J.-P. (eds.) UIC 2006. LNCS, vol. 4159, pp. 1174–1185. Springer, Heidelberg (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Steunebrink, B.R., Dastani, M., Meyer, J.-J.C.: A logic of emotions for intelligent agents. In: Proceedings of the 22nd Conference on Artificial Intelligence (AAAI 2007). AAAI Press, Menlo Park (2007)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Web reference, http://ccl.northwestern.edu/netlogo (last accessed on November 2010)

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alexei Sharpanskykh
    • 1
  • Kashif Zia
    • 2
  1. 1.VU University AmsterdamAmsterdamThe Netherlands
  2. 2.Institute for Pervasive ComputingJohannes Kepler UniversityLinzAustria

Personalised recommendations