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Stone Disease in Pregnancy

  • Michelle Jo Semins
  • Brian R. Matlaga
Chapter

Abstract

Up to 10% of the population is affected by nephrolithiasis, and one unique population that is not spared is the pregnant female. Because of the inherent risk of a stone event during pregnancy, special attention is required. Herein, we review the scope of stone disease in pregnancy. We describe the pathophysiological and anatomical changes that occur during pregnancy that alter the risk factors for stone formation. We also review the complications associated with a stone event during pregnancy, the presentation of the patient, and the complexity of its diagnosis. Lastly, a management algorithm is proposed.

Keywords

Lower Urinary Tract Symptom Stone Formation Pregnant Patient Shock Wave Lithotripsy Calcium Oxalate 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of UrologyUniversity of Pittsburgh School of MedicinePittsburghPennsylvania
  2. 2.James Buchanan Brady UrologicalInstitute Johns Hopkins, Medical InstitutionsBaltimoreMaryland

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