Characterization of Femtosecond Laser Filament-Induced Plasma and Its Application to Atmospheric Sensing

  • HuaiLiang Xu
  • Ya Cheng
  • ZhiZhan Xu
  • See Leang Chin
Part of the Springer Series in Chemical Physics book series (CHEMICAL, volume 103)


In this chapter, we demonstrate experimental characterizations of plasma of different phase targets induced by femtosecond laser filamentation using optical emission spectroscopy and present an interesting phenomenon of lasing actions occurring in the plasma column in air due to two different mechanisms, i.e., amplified spontaneous emission and self-generated harmonic seeding lasing. Several examples in terms of sensing of atmospheric constituents of interest based on characteristic filament-induced plasma are then given.


Femtosecond Laser Plasma Temperature Optical Emission Spectroscopy Plasma Column Amplify Spontaneous Emission 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



We acknowledge the technical support of M. Martin. This work was partially supported by NSERC, DRDC Valcartier, Canada Research Chairs, CIPI, CFI, Femtotech and FQRNT, National Basic Research Program of China (Grant 2011CB808102), National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 10974213, 60825406, 11074098), NCET-09–0429, and the basic research program of Jilin University.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • HuaiLiang Xu
    • 1
  • Ya Cheng
    • 2
  • ZhiZhan Xu
    • 2
  • See Leang Chin
    • 3
  1. 1.State Key Laboratory on Integrated Optoelectronics, College of Electronic Science and EngineeringJilin UniversityChangchunChina
  2. 2.State Key Laboratory of High Field Laser Physics, Shanghai Institute of Optics and Fine MechanicsChinese Academy of SciencesShanghaiChina
  3. 3.Center for Optics, Photonics and Laser (COPL) & Department of Physics, Engineering Physics and OpticsUniversité LavalQuebec CityCanada

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