Secure Watermarking on 3D Geometry via ICA and Orthogonal Transformation

  • Hao-tian Wu
  • Yiu-ming Cheung
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 7110)


The technique of independent component analysis (ICA) has been utilized in digital image and audio watermarking. In this paper, it is applied to improve the security of 3D geometry watermarking by using the ICA de-mixing matrix for transformation. An orthogonal transformation (OT) matrix is further employed so that another watermarking scheme is generated. With the same embedding method, the two watermarking schemes are implemented on the test models. The experimental results show that they have similar performance in imperceptibility and capacity. As both of them have the properties of blind extraction and security, the OT-based scheme can be regarded as a simplified version of the ICA-based one with less computational cost.


Watermark Image Independent Component Analysis Watermark Scheme Digital Watermark Audio Watermark 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hao-tian Wu
    • 1
  • Yiu-ming Cheung
    • 2
  1. 1.School of Information Science and TechnologySun Yat-Sen UniversityGuangzhouChina
  2. 2.Department of Computer ScienceHong Kong Baptist UniversityHong KongChina

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