Quadtree-Based Gridfile: A New Grid for Spatial Data

  • ZhongJie Zhang
  • DePeng Zhao
  • DeQiang Wang
Part of the Advances in Intelligent and Soft Computing book series (AINSC, volume 148)


This paper presents a new spatial index structure – quadtree-based gridfile. The new gridfile combined with the advantages of quadtree and gridfile. According to the algorithm of full quadtree, we can calculate the result quickly. New algorithm to overcome the original algorithm, let gridfile can effectively index line objects and surface objects. Our paper gives the cache quadtree structure and the key algorithm in detail. This paper presents the principles and methods of calculation on the new hierarchical grid.


Spatial index Gridfile Quadtree Full quadtree 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Finkel, R.A., Bentley, J.L.: Quad trees: A Data Structure for Retrieval on Composite Keys (1974)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Nievergelt, J., Hinterberger, H.: The Grid File: An Adaptable, Symmetric Multikey File Structure (1984)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Wang, X., Wang, H.: Data structure for the fast display of spatial objects in ECDIS (1999)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Zhou, Y., He, J.-N., Tu, P.: Technique of auto-selection multi-layers grid spatial index (2005)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Xia, Y., Zhu, X., Li, D.: Indexing Technology in Spatial Information Multi-Grid (2006)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Mahran, S., Mahar, K.: Using Grid for Accelerating Density-Based Clustering (2008)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Zhang, L., Tang, L.-W.: Study of Organizing Seam less Great Capacity Spatial Data Based Quadtrere (2011)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Zhao, Y., Sun, W., Wang, J.: Research on Map Showing Algorithm Based on Embedded GIS (2011)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Sun, X.-G.: The Research of Creating Method of Spatial Index in the Navigable Database (2008)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Dalian Maritime UniversityDalianChina
  2. 2.Shandong Polytechnic UniversityJinanChina

Personalised recommendations