A Psychological Perspective on Climate Stress in Coastal India

  • Ruchi Mudaliar
  • Parul Rishi
Part of the Hexagon Series on Human and Environmental Security and Peace book series (HSHES, volume 8)


We (psychologists) must seek out and interact with the other sustainability science players. We must tell the economists, technologists, and climate modellers what psychology can do. The climate scientists are merely the messengers, the technologists merely make machines, and the economists still think largely in terms of pricing. Without the help of psychological science, these disciplines, although valuable in their own ways, will not be able to ameliorate the impacts of climate change (Gifford 2008: 279)


Global Warming Public Transport Mate Change Extreme Weather Event Global Environmental Change 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Adeola, F., 2000: “Endangered community, enduring people: Toxic contamination, health, and adaptive responses in a local context”, in: Environment and Behavior, 32: 209–249.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Aggarwal, D.; Lal, M., 2000: “Vulnerability of Indian Coastline to Sea Level Rise”, Paper for the proceedings of the APN/SURVAS/LOICZ Joint Conference on Coastal Impacts of Climate Change and Adaptation in the Asia-Pacific Region, Kobe, 14–16 November 2000.Google Scholar
  3. Agyeman, J.; Devin, E.; Wright, P.; Prange, J., 2009: “Close to the edge, down by the river? Joining up managed retreat and place attachment in a climate changed world”, in: Environment and Planning A, 41: 509–513.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Agyeman, J. Bullard, R.; Evans, B., 2003: Just sustainabilities: Development in an unequal World (London: Earthscan/The MIT Press).Google Scholar
  5. American Psychiatric Association (APA), 42000: Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders, 4th ed., text revision (Washington, DC: APA).Google Scholar
  6. Anable, J.; Lane, B.; Kelay, T., 2005: Review of Public Attitudes to Climate Change and Transport: Summary Report. Evidence Base Review of Public Attitudes to Climate Change and Travel Behaviour (The UK Department for Transport): 4.Google Scholar
  7. Anderson, C. A., 2001: “Heat and violence”, in: Current Directions in Psychological Science, 101: 33–38.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. APA, 2009: Psychology & global climate change-addressing a multifaceted phenomenon and set of challenges; at: < > (9 October 2009).
  9. Barlow, D. H., 22002: Anxiety and its disorders (New York: The Guilford Press).Google Scholar
  10. Barnett, J., 2005: “Titanic states’ Impacts and responses to climate change in the Pacific islands”, in: Journal of International Affairs, 59: 203–219.Google Scholar
  11. Barnett, J.; Adger W.N., 2003: “Climate Dangers and Atoll Countries”, in: Climatic Change, 61. 321–337.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Bell, P. A.; Greene, T. C.; Fisher, J. D.; Baum, A., 52001: Environmental psychology (Fort Worth: Harcourt College Publishers)Google Scholar
  13. Blakemore, B., 2005: The Psychology of Global Warming: Alarmist Versus Alarming. ABC News. 8 December 2005; at: < > (15 January 2008).
  14. Bonnes, M.; Bonaiuto, M., 2002: “Environmental psychology: From spatial-physical environment to sustain: able development”, in: Bechtel, R.B.; Churchman, A. (Eds.): Handbook of environmental psychology (New York: Wiley): 28–54.Google Scholar
  15. Bostrom, A.; Lashof, D., 2007: “Weather or climate change?”, in: Moser, S. C.; Dilling, L. (Eds.): Creating a Climate for Change: Communicating Climate Change and Facilitating Social Change (Cambridge, MA: Cambridge University Press): 31–43.Google Scholar
  16. Brklacich, M.; Chazan, M.; Dawe, A., 2007: “Vulnerabilities of societies under Global Environmental Change GEC”, in: Tiessen, H.; Brklacich, M.; Breulmann, G.; Menezes, R.S.C. (Eds.): Communicating global change science to society (Washington, DC: Island Press): 73–88.Google Scholar
  17. Brook, A. T.; Graham, A. 2009: “Effects of ecological footprint feedback and environmental contingency of self–worth on environmental behavior” (Unpublished).Google Scholar
  18. Cialdini, R. B.; Reno, R. R.; Kallgren, C. A., 1990: “A focus theory normative conduct: Recycling the concept of norms to reduce littering in public places”, in: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 58: 1015–1026.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Clayton, S.; Brook, A., 2005: “Can psychology help save the world? A model for conservation psychology”, in: Analyses of Social Issues and Public Policy (ASAP), 51: 87–102CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Clayton, S.; Opotow, S. (Eds.), 2003: Identity and the Natural Environment (Cambridge, MA: MIT Press).Google Scholar
  21. Cruz, R.V.; Harasawa, H.; Lal, M.; Wu, S.; Anokhin, Y.; Punsalmaa, B.; Honda, Y.; Jafari, M.; Li, C.; Huu, Ninh, N., 2007: Asia. Climate Change. Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability. Contribution of Working Group II to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Cambridge University Press. Cambridge, UK): 469–506.Google Scholar
  22. De Young, R., 1996: “Some psychological aspects of reduced consumption behavior: The role of intrinsic satisfaction and competence motivation”, in: Environment and Behavior, 283: 358–409.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Doppelt, B., 2008: The power of sustainable thinking (London: Earthscan)Google Scholar
  24. DuNannWinter, D.; Koger, S. M., 2004: The psychology of environmental problems (Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum)Google Scholar
  25. Dunwoody, S. 2007: “The challenge of trying to make a difference using media messages”, in: Moser, S. C.; Dilling, L. (Eds.): Creating a climate for change (New York: Cambridge University Press): 89–104.Google Scholar
  26. Edelstein, M. R., 2002: “Contamination: The invisible built environment”, in: Bechtel, R. B.; Churchman, A. (Eds.): Handbook of environmental psychology (New York: Wiley): 559–588.Google Scholar
  27. Edelstein, M. R.; Makofske, W. J., 1998: Radon’s deadly daughters: Science, environmental policy, and the politics of risk (Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield)Google Scholar
  28. Ehrhardt-Martinez, 2007: “Changing Human Behavior to Reduce Climate Change: Moving Beyond the Techno-Economic Model”; at: < > (27 May 2009)
  29. Fankhauser, S., 1994: “Protection vs retreat—the economic costs of sea level rise”, in: Environment and Planning A, 27: 299–319.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Few, R., 2007: “Health and climatic hazards: Framing social research on vulnerability, response and adaptation”, in: Global Environmental Change, 17, 281–295.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Förster, J.; Liberman, N., 2007: “Knowledge activation”, in: Kruglanski, A.W.; Higgins, E. T. (Eds.): Social psychology: Handbook of basic principles 2nd ed. (New York: The Guildford Press): 201–231.Google Scholar
  32. Foderaro, L. W., 2008: “Pint-size eco-police, making parents proud and sometimes crazy”, in: The New York Times; at: < > (June 15 2009).
  33. Fritze, J. G.; Blashki, G. A.; Burke, S.; Wiseman, J., 2008: “Hope, despair and transformation: Climate change and the promotion of mental health and wellbeing”, in: International Journal of Mental Health Systems, 213; at: < > (30 April 2009).
  34. Gardner, G. T.; Stern, P. C., 2002: Environmental problems and human behaviour (Boston, MA: Pearson Custom Publishing).Google Scholar
  35. Gifford, R.; Scannell, L.; Kormos, C.; Smolova, L.; Biel, A.; Boncu, S., 2009: “Temporal pessimism and spatial optimism in environmental assessments: An 18-nation study”, in: Journal of Environmental Psychology, 29: 1–12.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Gifford, R., 2008: “Psychology’s essential role in alleviating the impacts of climate change”, in: Canadian Psychology/Psychologie Canadienne, 494: 273–280.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Gifford, R., 2007: Environmental psychology: Principles and practice (Coleville, WA: Optimal Books).Google Scholar
  38. Gifford, R., 1976: “Environmental numbness in the classroom”, in: Journal of Experimental Education, 443: 4–7.Google Scholar
  39. Hansla, A.; Gamble, A.; Juliusson; A., Garling, T., 2008: “The relationships between awareness of consequences, environmental concern, and value orientations”, in: Journal of Environmental Psychology, 28: 1–9.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Harris,F., 2004: Global Environmental Issues (Chichester: John Wiley & Sons).Google Scholar
  41. Heath, Y.; Gifford, R., 2006: “Free-market ideology and environmental degradation: The case of belief in global climate change”, in: Environment and Behavior, 38: 48–71.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Hoozemans, F.M.J.; Marchand, M.; Pennekamp, H.A., 21993: “A global vulnerability analysis: vulnerability assessment for population, coastal wetlands and rice production on a global scale”, in: Delft Hydraulics (Netherlands: Delft Hydraulics).Google Scholar
  43. Johnson, E. J.; Haeuble, G.; Keinan, A., 2007: “Aspects of endowment: A query theory of loss aversion”, in: Journal of Experimental Psychology-Learning Memory and Cognition, 33,3: 461–474.Google Scholar
  44. Kasperson, R. E.; Dow, K., 1991: “Developmental and geographical equity in global environmental change”, in: Evaluation Review, 15: 149 –171.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Kates, R. W., 2007: “Forward”, in: Moser, S. C.; Dilling, L. (Eds.): Creating a climate for change (New York: Cambridge University Press)Google Scholar
  46. Kellstedt, P. M.; Zahran, S.; Vedlitz, A., 2008: “Personal efficacy, the information environment, and attitudes toward global warming and climate change in the United States”, in: Risk Analysis, 28: 113–126.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Langford, I. H., 2002: “An existential approach to risk perception”, in: Risk Analysis, 22: 101–120.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Lehman, P.K.; Geller, E.S., 2004: “Behavior Analysis and Environmental Protection: Accomplishments and Potential for More”, in: Behavior and Social Issues, 13: 13–32.Google Scholar
  49. Leiserowitz, A., 2007: “Communicating the risks of global warming: American risk perceptions, affective images, and interpretive communities”, in: Moser, S.C.; Dilling, L. (Eds.): Creating a climate for change: Communicating climate change and facilitating social change (New York: Cambridge University Press): 44–63.Google Scholar
  50. Leiserowitz, A., 2005: “American risk perceptions: Is climate change dangerous?”, in: Risk Analysis, 25: 1433–1442.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Lertzman, R., 2008: “The myth of apathy”, in: The Ecologist; at: < > (1 December 2008).
  52. Lewin, K.,1951: Field theory in social science (New York: Harper).Google Scholar
  53. Lorenzoni, I.; Pidgeon, N., 2006: “Public views on climate change: European and USA perspectives”, in: Climatic Change, 77: 73–95.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. Lorenzoni, I., 2004: “A typology of people’s attitudes to climate change derived from questionnaires and focus groups in the Norwich area, U.K” (Unpublished dissertation, University of East Anglia).Google Scholar
  55. Lorenzoni, I.; Langford, I., 2002: “Dealing with Climate Change: Role of Institutions in the Eyes of the Public”, in: Bierman, F.; Campe, S.; Jacob,K. (Eds.): Proceedings of the 2001 Berlin Conference on the Human Dimensions of Global Environmental Change (Potsdam: Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research): 342–351.Google Scholar
  56. Macy, J.; Brown, M. Y., 1998: Coming back to life: Practices to reconnect our lives, our world (Gabriola Island, British Columbia: New Society Publishers)Google Scholar
  57. Maiteny, P. T., 2002: “Mind in the gap: Summary of research exploring ‘inner’ influences on pro-sustainability learning and behavior”, in: Environmental Education Research, 8: 299–306.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. Mallett, R. K., 2009: “Breaking the Pollution Habit: Validation of Three Eco-Emotion Scales” Unpublished).Google Scholar
  59. Mallett, R. K.; Huntsinger, J. R.; Sinclair, S.; Swim, J. K., 2008: “Seeing Through Their Eyes: When Majority Group Members Take Collective Action on Behalf of an Outgroup”, in: Group Process and Intergroup Relations, 114: 451–470.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. Mallett, R. K.; Swim, J. K., 2004: “Collective guilt in the United States”, in: Branscombe, N.R.; Doosje, B. (Eds.): Collective guilt: International perspectives (Cambridge, MA: Cambridge University Press): 56–74.Google Scholar
  61. Marshall, R. D.; Bryant, R. A.; Amsel, L.; Suh, E. J.; Cook, J. M.; Neria, Y., 2007: “The psychology of ongoing threat: Relative risk appraisal, the September 11 attacks, and terrorism-related fears”, in: American Psychologist, 62: 304–316.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. Midden, C.; Kaiser, F.; McCalley, T., 2007: “Technology’s four roles in understanding individuals’ conservation of natural resources”, in: Journal of Social Issues, 631: 155–174.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  63. Moser, S. C., 2007: “More bad news: The risk of neglectin: g emotional responses to climate change in: formation”, in: Moser, S.C.; Dilling, L. (Eds.): Creating a climate for change (New York: Cambridge University Press).Google Scholar
  64. Neutra, R.; Lipscomb, J.; Satin, K.; Shusterman, D., 1991: “Hypotheses to explain the higher symptom rates observed around hazardous waste sites”, in: Environmental Health Perspectives, 94: 31–38.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  65. Nicholls, R.J., 2010: “Climate Change, sea level rise, and Coastal Migration”, Paper for the Climate change and security conference, Trondheim, Norway, 21–24 June.Google Scholar
  66. Nicholls, R.J.; Hanson, S.; Herweijer, C.; Patmore, N, ; Hallegatte, S.; Corfee-Morlot, J.; Chateau, J.; MuirWood, R., 2008: “Ranking Port Cities with High Exposure and Vulnerability to Climate Extremes: Exposure Estimates”, in: OECD Environment Working Paper 1 (Paris: OECD).Google Scholar
  67. Nicholls, R.J., 2004: “Coastal flooding and wetland loss in the 21st century: changes under the SRES climate and socio-economic scenarios”, in: Global Environmental Change, 14: 69–86.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  68. Nobel, J., 2007: “Eco-anxiety: Something else to worry about”, [Electronic version] in: The Philadelphia Enquirer. Norton, A.; Leaman, J., 2004: The day after tomorrow: Public opinion on climate change (London, UK: MORI Social Research Institute)Google Scholar
  69. Oskamp, S., 1995: “Applying social psychology to avoid ecological disaster”, in: Journal of Social Issues, 51: 217–238.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  70. Pachauri ,R.K., 2004: “Climate and Humanity”, in: Global Environmental Change, 14: 101–103.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  71. Peek, L. A.; Miletti, D. S., 2002: “The history & future of disaster research”, in: Bechtel, R. B.; Churchman, A. (Eds.): Handbook of environmental psychology (New York: Wiley): 511–524.Google Scholar
  72. Poortinga, W.; Pidgeon, N., 2003: “Exploring the dimensionality of trust in risk regulation”, in: : Risk Analysis, 23: 961–972.Google Scholar
  73. Prochaska, J. O.; Di Clemente, C. C.; Norcross, J. C., 1992: “In search of how people change: Applications to addictive behaviors”, in: American Psychologist, 47: 1102–1114.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  74. Reser, J. P., 2009: “‘Climate change’ is far more than climate change” (unpublished).Google Scholar
  75. Reuveny, R., 2008: “Ecomigration and violent conflict: Case studies and public policy implications”, in: Human Ecology, 36: 1–13.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  76. Reyes, G.; Jacobs, G.A. (Eds.), 2006: Handbook of international disaster psychology Vol.1 –4 (Westport, CT: Praeger)Google Scholar
  77. Rishi, P.; Prakash, M.D.O.; Mudaliar,R., 2009: “Behavioural Mapping of Urban Settlements towards Changing Climate” (unpublished IIFM sponsored Project Report, Bhopal).Google Scholar
  78. Schmuck, P.; Schultz, W. P. (Eds.), 2002: Psychology of sustainable development (Boston, MA: Kluwer Academic Publishers).Google Scholar
  79. Searles, H. F., 1972: “Unconscious processes in relation to the environmental crisis”, in: Psychoanalytical Review, 59, 361–374.Google Scholar
  80. Stern, P.C., 2000: “Psychology and the science of humanenvironment interactions”, in: American Psychologist, 55: 523–530.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  81. Strack, F.; Deutsch, R., 2007: “The role of impulse in social behavior”, in: Kruglanski, A. W.; Higgins, E. T. (Eds.): Social psychology: Handbook of basic principles 2nd ed (New York: The Guilford Press): 408–431Google Scholar
  82. Swim, J.K.; Clayton, S.; Doherty, T.; Gifford, R.; Howard, G.; Reser, J.; Stern, P.; Weber, E., 2009: Psychology and Global Climate Change: Addressing a multi-faceted Phenomenon and Set of Challenges. A Report by the American Psychological Association’s Task Force on the Interface between Psychology and Global Climate Change; at: < > (5 November 2009).
  83. TERI (Tata Energy Research Institute), 1996: The Economic Impact of a One-Metre Sea-Level Rise on the Indian Coastline: Method and Case Studies. Report submitted to the Ford Foundation.Google Scholar
  84. Tol, R. S. J., 2004: The double trade-off between adaptation and mitigation for sea level rise: an application of FUND, research unit sustainability and global change. FNU-48, Hamburg University and Centre for Marine and Atmospheric Science, Hamburg.Google Scholar
  85. UNEP (United Nations Environment Programme), 1989: Criteria for Assessing Vulnerability to Sea Level Rise: A Global Inventory to High Risk Area (Delft: Delft Hydraulics): 51Google Scholar
  86. UNFCCC, 2007: Vulnerability and Adaptation to Climate Change in Small Island Developing States. Background paper for the expert meeting on adaptation for small island developing states; at: < >.
  87. Uzzell, D., 2008: “Challenging assumptions in the psychology of climate change”, in: InPsych, 304: 10–13.Google Scholar
  88. Vlek, C.; Steg, L., 2007: “Human behavior and environmental sustainability: problems, driving forces and research topics”, in: Journal of Social Issues, 631: 1–19.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  89. Weber, E. U., 2006: “Evidence-based and description-based perceptions of long-term risk: Why global warming does not scare us yet”, in: Climatic Change, 77: 103–120.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  90. Wheaton, B., 1999: “The nature of stressors”, in: Horwitz, A. V.; Scheid, T. L. (Eds.): A handbook for the study of mental health: Social contexts, theories, and systems (New York: Cambridge University Press): 176–197.Google Scholar
  91. Wheaton, B., 1996: “The domains and boundaries of stress concepts”, in: Kaplan, H. B. (Ed.): Psychosocial stress: Perspectives on structure, theory, life-course, and methods (San Diego: Academic Press): 29–70.Google Scholar
  92. Yechuri, S.R., 2008: “Mercury Rising”, in: The Hindustan Times, 24 January.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.BhopalIndia

Personalised recommendations