Environmental Degradation, Climate Uncertainties, and Human Vulnerabilities: Realm of Possible Actions toward a Shifting Security Paradigm in the Arab Gulf Monarchies

  • Andy Spiess
Part of the Hexagon Series on Human and Environmental Security and Peace book series (HSHES, volume 8)


In view of the expected persistence and resilience of the driving forces of human-induced climate change, it is generally acknowledged that even a far-reaching global mitigation effort will need to be complemented by national proactive actions towards adapting to cope with the impacts of future climate uncertainty and its imminent threat to human security. There seems to be a consensus among social scientists that without tenacious preventive measures, prolonged environmental degradation along with climate change will overstretch many societies’ adaptive capacities, which may result in internal destabilization processes with diffuse conflict structures.


Saudi Arabia Ecological Footprint Gulf Cooperation Council Human Security Central Intelligence Agency 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.GCC Network for Drylands Research and Development (NDRD)RiyadhSaudi Arabia

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