Skip to main content

Reuse of Data Flow Designs in Complex and Adaptive CSCL Scripts: A Case Study

  • Chapter

Part of the Studies in Computational Intelligence book series (SCI,volume 408)

Abstract

Existing Educational Modeling Languages (EML), and especially the IMS LD specification, does not appropriately address data flow among Computer Supported Collaborative Learning (CSCL) activities. Several solutions proposed in the literature, have tackled the important dimensions of data flow automation or the consistency of design, but they have not adequately covered the perspective of reusing scripts. Current data and tools binding specifications do not establish the dependencies between this setting and the structural design of the collaborative data flow situations. This preclude a complete design particularization and raise the issue of reusing data flow designs, which is especially important in the case of complex and adaptive real-world collaborative learning scenarios. This paper presents a case study in which the LeadFlow4LD approach, an IMS LD interoperable solution, is analyzed with respect to the reusability of data flow designs. Besides, the case study is performed using a real-world complex CSCL script in order to illustrate the adaptive characteristics that could be taken into account. Findings show limitations of the current approaches concerning reuse and structural design particularization of the data flow. Additionally an alternative solution based on abstract workflow templates that is briefly outlined in this paper.

Keywords

  • Data Flow
  • Collaborative Learn
  • Computer Support Collaborative Learn
  • Learn Design
  • Adaptation Pattern

These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Buying options

Chapter
USD   29.95
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • DOI: 10.1007/978-3-642-28586-8_1
  • Chapter length: 25 pages
  • Instant PDF download
  • Readable on all devices
  • Own it forever
  • Exclusive offer for individuals only
  • Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout
eBook
USD   119.00
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • ISBN: 978-3-642-28586-8
  • Instant PDF download
  • Readable on all devices
  • Own it forever
  • Exclusive offer for individuals only
  • Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout
Softcover Book
USD   159.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
Hardcover Book
USD   199.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Alvino, S., Asensio-Pérez, J., Dimitriadis, Y., Hernández-Leo, D.: Supporting the Reuse of Effective CSCL Learning Designs through Social Structure Representations. Distance Education 30(2), 239–258 (2009)

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  2. Bechhofer, S., van Harmelen, F., Hendler, J., Horrocks, I., McGuinness, D.L., Patel-Schneider, P., Stein, L.: OWL Web Ontology Language Reference. W3C Recommendation (2004)

    Google Scholar 

  3. Bote-Lorenzo, M.L., Hernández-Leo, D., Dimitriadis, Y.A., Asensio-Pérez, J.I., Vega-Gorgojo, G., Vaquero-González, L.M.: Toward Reusability and Tailorability in Collaborative Learing Systems using IMS-LD and Grid Services. Advanced Learning Technologies 1(3), 129–138 (2004)

    Google Scholar 

  4. Botturi, L., Stubbs, T.: Handbook of Visual Languages for Instructional Design: Theories and Practices. Idea Group Publishing, Hershey (2008)

    Google Scholar 

  5. Burgos, D., Tattersall, C., Koper, E.J.R.: Representing Adaptive e-Learning Strategies in IMS Learning Design. In: Proceedings of the International Workshop in Learning Networks for Lifelong Competence Development, TENCompetence Conference Sofia, Bulgaria, pp. 54–60 (2006)

    Google Scholar 

  6. Chen, W.: Supporting Teachers Intervention in Collaborative Knowledge Building. J. Network and Computer Applications 29, 200–215 (2006)

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  7. Dalziel, J.: Lessons from LAMS for IMS Learning Design. In: Proceedings of the Sixth IEEE International Conference on Advanced Learning Technologies, ICALT 2006, pp. 1101–1102. IEEE Computer Society, Washington, DC (2006)

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  8. Decker, G., Mendling, J.: Process Instantiation. Data & Knowledge Engineering 68(9), 777–792 (2009)

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  9. Demetriadis, S., Karakostas, A.: Adaptive Collaboration Scripting: A Conceptual Framework and a Design Case Study. In: Proceedings of the 2008 International Conference on Complex, Intelligent and Software Intensive Systems, CISIS 2008, pp. 487–492. IEEE Computer Society, Washington, DC (2008)

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  10. Demetriadis, S., Karakostas, A.: Introduction to Adaptive Collaboration Scripting. In: Daradoumis, T., Caballé, S., Marquès, J.M., Xhafa, F. (eds.) Intelligent Collaborative e-Learning Systems and Applications. Studies in Computational Intelligence, vol. 246, pp. 1–18. Springer, Heidelberg (2009)

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  11. Dillenbourg, P., Hong, F.: The Mechanics of CSCL Macro Scripts. International Journal of Computer-Supported Collaborative Learning 3(1), 5–23 (2008)

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  12. Dillenbourg, P., Tchounikine, P.: Flexibility in Macro-Scripts for Computer-Supported Collaborative Learning. Journal of Computer Assisted Learning 23(1), 1–13 (2007)

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  13. Dochy, F.J.R.C., McDowell, L.: Assessment as a Tool for Learning. Studies In Educational Evaluation 23(4), 279–298 (1997)

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  14. Foster, I., Kesselman, C.: Computational Grids. In: Foster, I., Kesselman, C. (eds.) The Grid: Blueprint for a New Computing Infrastructure, pp. 15–51. Morgan Kaufmann Publishers, Inc., CA (1999)

    Google Scholar 

  15. Gil, Y., Groth, P., Ratnakar, V., Fritz, C.: Expressive Reusable Workflow Templates. In: Proceedings of the 2009 Fifth IEEE International Conference on e-Science, E-SCIENCE 2009, pp. 344–351. IEEE Computer Society, Washington, DC (2009)

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  16. Gil, Y., Ratnakar, V., Deelman, E., Mehta, G., Kim, J.: Wings for Pegasus: Creating Large-Scale Scientific Applications Using Semantic Representations of Computational Workflows. In: Proceedings of the 19th National Conference on Innovative Applications of Artificial Intelligence, AAAI 2007, vol. 2, pp. 1767–1774. AAAI Press, British Columbia (2007)

    Google Scholar 

  17. Gil, Y., Ratnakar, V., Kim, J., Antonio González-Calero, P.A., Groth, P., Moody, J., Deelman, E.: Wings: Intelligent Workflow based Design of Computational Experiments. IEEE Intelligent Systems 26(1), 62–72 (2011)

    Google Scholar 

  18. Helic, D.: Technology-Supported Management of Collaborative Learning Processes. International Journal of Learning and Change 1(3), 285–298 (2006)

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  19. Hernández-Leo, D., Dimitriadis, Y., Asensio-Perez, J.I., Villasclaras-Fernández, E.D., Jorrín-Abellán, I.M., Ruiz-Requies, I., Rubia-Avi, B.: Collage, a Collaborative Learning Design Editor Based on Patterns Special Issue on Learning Design. Journal of Educational Technology and Society 9(1), 58–71 (2006)

    Google Scholar 

  20. Hernández-Leo, D., Harrer, A., Dodero, J., Asensio Pérez, J., Burgos, D.: A Framework for the Conceptualization of Approaches to “Create-by-Reuse” of Learning Design Solution. Journal of Universal Computer Science 13(7), 991–1001 (2007)

    Google Scholar 

  21. Hernández-Leo, D., Asensio Pérez, J., Dimitriadis, Y., Bote-Lorenzo, M., Jorrín-Abellán, I., Villasclaras-Fernández, E.: Reusing IMS LD Formalized Best Practices in Collaborative Learning Structuring. Advanced Technology for Learning 2(4), 223–232 (2005)

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  22. Hernández-Leo, D., Villasclaras-Fernandez, E., Asensio-Perez, J., Dimitriadis, Y., Retalis, S.: CSCL Scripting Patterns: Hierarchical Relationships and Applicability. In: Proceedings of the Sixth IEEE International Conference on Advanced Learning Technologies, ICALT 2006, pp. 388–392. IEEE Computer Society, Washington, DC (2006)

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  23. IMS Global Learning Consortium: IMS Learning Design Information Model. Specification, IMS (2003)

    Google Scholar 

  24. Karakostas, A., Demetriadis, S.: Adaptation Patterns in Systems for Scripted Collaboration. In: Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Computer Supported Collaborative Learning, CSCL 2009, vol. 1, pp. 477–481. International Society of the Learning Sciences, Rhodes (2009)

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  25. Karakostas, A., Demetriadis, S.: Adaptation Patterns as a Conceptual Tool for Designing the Adaptive Operation of CSCL Systems. Educational Technology Research and Development 59(3), 327–349 (2011)

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  26. Kobbe, L., Weinberger, A., Dillenbourg, P., Harrer, A., Hamalainen, R., Hakkinen, P., Fischer, F.: Specifying Computer-Supported Collaboration Scripts. International Journal of Computer-Supported Collaborative Learning 2, 211–224 (2007)

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  27. Koper, R., Miao, Y.: Using the IMS LD Standard to Describe Learning Designs. In: Handbook of Research on Learning Design and Learning Objects: Issues, Applications and Technologies, pp. 16–48. IDEA Group (2007)

    Google Scholar 

  28. Koschman, T. (ed.): CSCL, Theory and Practice of an Emerging Paradigm. Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc., Mahwah (1996)

    Google Scholar 

  29. Ma, J., Shaw, E., Kim, J.: Computational Workflows for Assessing Student Learning. In: Aleven, V., Kay, J., Mostow, J. (eds.) ITS 2010. LNCS, vol. 6095, pp. 188–197. Springer, Heidelberg (2010)

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  30. Magnisalis, I., Demetriadis, S.: Modeling Adaptation Patterns in the Context of Collaborative Learning: Case Studies of IMS-LD Based Implementation. In: Daradoumis, T., Caballé, S., Juan, A.A., Xhafa, F. (eds.) Technology-Enhanced Systems and Tools for Collaborative Learning Scaffolding. SCI, vol. 350, pp. 279–310. Springer, Heidelberg (2011)

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  31. Magnisalis, I., Demetriadis, S., Pomportsis, A.: Implementing Adaptive Techniques in Systems for Collaborative Learning by Extending IMS-LD Capabilities. In: Proceedings of the 2010 International Conference on Intelligent Networking and Collaborative Systems, pp. 70–77 (2010)

    Google Scholar 

  32. Miao, Y., Burgos, D., Griffiths, D., Koper, R.: Representation of Coordination Mechanisms in IMS Learning Design to Support Group-based Learning. In: Lockyer, L., Bennet, S., Agostinho, S., Harper, B. (eds.) Handbook of Research on Learning Design and Learning Objects: Issues, Applications and Technologies, pp. 330–351. IDEA group (2008)

    Google Scholar 

  33. Miao, Y., Hoeksema, K., Hoppe, H., Harrer, A.: CSCL Scripts: Modelling Features and Potential Use. In: Proceedings of the 2005 Conference on Computer Support for Collaborative Learning, CSCL 2005. International Society of the Learning Sciences, Taipei (2005)

    Google Scholar 

  34. Ngu, A.H., Bowers, S., Haasch, N., Mcphillips, T., Critchlow, T.: Flexible Scientific Workflow Modeling Using Frames, Templates, and Dynamic Embedding. In: Ludäscher, B., Mamoulis, N. (eds.) SSDBM 2008. LNCS, vol. 5069, pp. 566–572. Springer, Heidelberg (2008)

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  35. Palomino-Ramírez, L., Bote-Lorenzo, M., Asensio-Pérez, J., Dimitriadis, Y.: LeadFlow4LD: Learning and Data Flow Composition-Based Solution for Learning Design in CSCL. In: Briggs, R.O., Antunes, P., de Vreede, G.-J., Read, A.S. (eds.) CRIWG 2008. LNCS, vol. 5411, pp. 266–280. Springer, Heidelberg (2008)

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  36. Palomino-Ramírez, L., Bote-Lorenzo, M., Asensio-Pérez, J., de la Fuente-Valentín, L., Dimitriadis, Y.: The Data Flow Problem in Learning Design: A Case Study. In: Proceedings of the 2008 8th International Conference on Networked Learning, NLC 2008, Halkidiki, Greece, pp. 285–292 (2008)

    Google Scholar 

  37. Papazoglou, M.P., Georgakopoulos, D.: Service-Oriented Computing: Concepts, Characteristics and Directions. Communications of the ACM 46(10), 25–28 (2003)

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  38. Paramythis, A.: Adaptive Support for Collaborative Learning with IMS Learning Design: Are we there yet? In: Proceedings of the Adaptive Collaboration Support Workshop, Adaptive Hypermedia 2008, AH 2008, pp. 17–29. Hannover, Germany (2008)

    Google Scholar 

  39. Pérez-Sanagustín, M., Burgos, J., Hernández-Leo, D., Blat, J.: Considering the Intrinsic Constraints for Groups Management of TAPPS and Jigsaw CLFPs. In: Proceedings of the 2009 International Conference on Intelligent Networking and Collaborative Systems, INCOS 2009, pp. 317–322. IEEE Computer Society, Washington, DC (2009)

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  40. van Rosmalen, P., Vogten, H., van Es, R., Passier, H., Poelmans, P., Koper, R.: Authoring a full life cycle model in standards-based, adaptive e-learning. Educational Technology & Society 9(1), 72–83 (2006)

    Google Scholar 

  41. Shapiro, R.: Process Definition Interface. XML Process Definition Language. Tech. rep., Workflow Management Coalition (2008)

    Google Scholar 

  42. Stake, R.: Multiple Case Study Analysis. The Guilford Press (2005)

    Google Scholar 

  43. Vantroys, T., Peter, Y.: COW, a Flexible Platform for the Enactment of Learning Scenarios. In: Favela, J., Decouchant, D. (eds.) CRIWG 2003. LNCS, vol. 2806, pp. 168–182. Springer, Heidelberg (2003)

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  44. Vignollet, L., Bote-Lorenzo, M., Asensio-Pérez, J.I., Dimitriadis, Y.: A Generic Specification of the Data-Flow Issue in the Learning Design Field. In: Proceedings of the 2009 Ninth IEEE International Conference on Advanced Learning Technologies, ICALT 2009, pp. 56–58. IEEE Computer Society, Riga (2009)

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  45. Vignollet, L., Charoy, F., Bote Lorenzo, M., Asensio Pérez, J.: Workflow Management and Learning Flow Management: Commonalities and Differences. IEEE Transactions on Learning Technologies 13(3), 35–37 (2010)

    Google Scholar 

  46. Vignollet, L., Ferraris, C., Martel, C., Burgos, D.: A Transversal Analysis of Different Learning Design Approaches. Journal of Interactive Media in Education (JIME), Special Issue: Comparing Educational Modelling Languages on the “Planet Game” Case Study Case Study (2), 1–10 (2008), http://jime.open.ac.uk/article/2008-26/373

  47. Villasclaras-Fernández, E.D., Hernández-Leo, D., Asensio-Pérez, J., Dimitriadis, Y., de la Fuente-Valentín, L.: Interrelating Assessment and Flexibility in IMS-LD CSCL Scripts. In: Proceedings of the Scripted vs. Free CS Collaboration: Alternatives and Paths for Adaptable and Flexible CS Scripted Collaboration Workshop, Organized in conjunction with the 8th International Conference on Computer Supported Collaborative Learning, CSCL 2009, pp. 39–43. University of Aegean, Rhodes (2009)

    Google Scholar 

  48. Villasclaras-Fernández, E.D., Hernández-Leo, D., Asensio-Pérez, J.I., Dimitriadis, Y., Martínez-Monés, A.: Towards Embedding Assessment in CSCL Scripts through Selection and Assembly of Learning and Assessment Patterns. In: Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Computer Supported Collaborative Learning, CSCL 2009, vol. 1, pp. 507–511. International Society of the Learning Sciences, Rhodes (2009)

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  49. Vogten, H., Tattersall, C.: Implementing a Learning Design Engine as a Collection of Finite State Machines. In: Learning Design, A Handbook on Modelling and Delivering Networked Education and Training, Springer. Heidelberg (2005)

    Google Scholar 

  50. Weinberger, A., Kollar, I., Dimitriadis, Y., Mäkitalo Siel, K., Fischer, F.: Computer-Supported Collaboration Scripts. Perspectives from educational psychology and computer science. In: Technology-Enhanced Learning. Principles and Products, pp. 155–174. Springer, Heidelberg (2009)

    Google Scholar 

  51. Wilson, S.: Workflow and Web Services. White paper, CETIS (2005), http://www.eframework.org/Portals/9/Resources/SOAandWorkflow2.pdf

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Osmel Bordiés .

Editor information

Editors and Affiliations

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

Copyright information

© 2012 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg

About this chapter

Cite this chapter

Bordiés, O., Dimitriadis, Y., Alario-Hoyos, C., Ruiz-Calleja, A., Subert, A. (2012). Reuse of Data Flow Designs in Complex and Adaptive CSCL Scripts: A Case Study. In: Daradoumis, T., Demetriadis, S., Xhafa, F. (eds) Intelligent Adaptation and Personalization Techniques in Computer-Supported Collaborative Learning. Studies in Computational Intelligence, vol 408. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-28586-8_1

Download citation

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-28586-8_1

  • Publisher Name: Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg

  • Print ISBN: 978-3-642-28585-1

  • Online ISBN: 978-3-642-28586-8

  • eBook Packages: EngineeringEngineering (R0)