Advertisement

Computer Assisted Instruction: Free Software Constructing the Procedural Knowledge of People with Moderate and Severe Mental Retardation

  • Shu Chuan Yu
  • Chih Hong Huang
Part of the Advances in Intelligent and Soft Computing book series (AINSC, volume 146)

Abstract

In order to reduce the use of illegal software, Free Software Steering Committee was established in 2002, in Taiwan, and in 2003 was actively promoted and integrated into the computer teaching at schools at all levels including special education. The characteristics of free software was to reduce the economic burden of teachers. Also, the free learning activities promoted by the Ministry of Education reduced the cost of teacher learning. In this article, through the hands-on experience of a special teacher, it is found that using free software to make up educational materials is free from time and economic constraints. Teachers can easily follow needs of the student and curriculum at any time to design multimedia teaching materials by themselves; students can simultaneously use teaching media, reducing costs on teaching tools. Self-designed interactive game teaching software can not only effectively enhance the concentration, memory and procedural knowledge of students with moderate and severe mental retardation, but also improve the classroom learning atmosphere. What is worthy of consideration in the future for teachers who are engaged in special education should be how to apply free software to teaching and how to act on its effect.

Keywords

Free software Procedural knowledge People with moderate and severe mental retardation Interactive game software Computer assisted instruction 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Lu, L., Huang, Y., Lin, X., Zhu, H.: The Manual for Students with Mental Retardation. National TaiNan Normal College, Tai Nan (2000)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Bley, N.S., Thornton, C.A.: Teach mathematics to learning disable. Aspen System, Rockville (1981)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Hallahan, D.P., Kauffman, J.M.: Exceptional children: introduction to special education, 5th edn. Merrill, Englewood cliffs (1991)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Thomas, G.E.: Teaching students with mental retardation:A life goal curriculum planning approach. Prentice-Hall,Inc., Englewood Cliffs (1996)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Westling, D.L., Fox, L.: Teaching students with servere disabilities. Merrill, Upper Saddle River (2000)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Ministry of Education, The Course Outline at Qi Zhi School in the Period of Natioal Education. Tai Bei (1997)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Christmann, E.P.: The effectiveness of computer-assisted instruction:What research tells us. Kappa Delta Pi, West Lafayette (1977)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Budoff, M., Thormann, M.J., Gras, A.: Microcomputers in special education:An instrodution to instructional applications. Brookline Books, Cambridge (1984)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Roblyer, M.: Measuring their impact of computers in instruction: A non-technical review of research for educators. Association for Educational Data Systems, Washington, DC (1985)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Jordan, R.: Computer assisted learning. In: Autism-Today & Tomorrow (Congress report), Third European Congress, International Association Autism, Europe, pp. 67–71 (1988)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Meng, Y.: Information is Merged into Special Education. Mandarin Daily News (2007), http://www.mdnkids.com/specialeducation/detail.asp?sn=524 (retrieved November 5, 2011)
  12. 12.
    Hansselbring, T.S.: Microcomputer applications to instruction. In: Strategies for teaching retarded and special needs learners, 3rd edn. Bell & Howell CO, Columbus (1985)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Wikipedia. Free and open source software (2011), http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Free_and_open_source_software (retrieved November 2, 2011)
  14. 14.
    Ge, H.: The Development and Chanllege of the Sofeware Movement in TaiWan (1991-2004). The paper of Master in History Research Institution in Tsing Hua University, Xin Zhu (2004)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    The Service Centre of Spreading the Resource of Free Software in the Capus Supported by the Ministry of Education, http://ossacc.moe.edu.tw/

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Taipei School of Special Education & College of DesignNational Taipei University of TechnologyTaipeiTaiwan
  2. 2.College of DesignNational Taipei University of TechnologyTaipeiTaiwan

Personalised recommendations