Seaweed Responses to Temperature

Chapter
Part of the Ecological Studies book series (ECOLSTUD, volume 219)

Abstract

This chapter reviews three types of temperature responses of seaweeds that take place over different timescales: short-term physiological regulation (seconds to minutes), phenotypic acclimation in response to variation of environmental conditions (hours to days), and genetic adaptation to local conditions (up to thousands to millions of years). The effects of temperature on performance traits (i.e., growth and photosynthesis) and temperature tolerance ranges (i.e., survival) have been experimentally determined for a wide variety of seaweed species and explain large-scale biogeographic distribution patterns. In contrast, studies on temperature effects on cellular components (i.e., proteins and membranes) and environmentally induced changes in transcriptional processes still remain scarce. One major obstacle has been the lack of genomic information of seaweed species, which is now increasing. Furthermore, sophisticated ecological niche models have been applied in the recent years to predict geographical areas with suitable environmental conditions for marine seaweed species.

Keywords

Seaweed Species Ecotypic Differentiation Saccharina Latissima Thermal Trait Stenothermal Species 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Leibniz Institute for Baltic Sea Research Warnemünde, Section Physical Oceanography and Instrumentation, Theoretical Oceanography and Numerical ModellingRostockGermany

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