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Warm Temperate Seaweed Communities: A Case Study of Deep Water Kelp Forests from the Alboran Sea (SW Mediterranean Sea) and the Strait of Gibraltar

  • Antonio Flores-Moya
Chapter
Part of the Ecological Studies book series (ECOLSTUD, volume 219)

Abstract

Kelp forests are one of the most characteristic seaweed communities in the sublittoral of temperate oceans. Moreover, there is great concern about kelp forests because they are considered to be some of the most productive and dynamic ecosystems on Earth. However, some of these communities are almost unknown or only scarcely and sporadically studied, because of their inaccessibility in deep waters. The aim of this contribution is to review the present knowledge of the singular deep water kelp forests of Laminaria ochroleuca and Saccorhiza polyschides, and the kelp beds of Phyllariopsis brevipes and Phyllariopsis purpurascens, from the Strait of Gibraltar and the Alboran Sea (SW Mediterranean Sea). This review focuses on the biogeography of these species, analysis of the abiotic factors affecting the seaweed communities, their growth and reproduction strategies, an assessment of conservation, and the prospect for further studies.

Keywords

Kelp Forest Laminaria Hyperborea Seaweed Community External Carbonic Anhydrase Shallow Sublittoral 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgments

Agustín Barrajón was my excellent dive partner for more than 2,000 deep water dives in different locations in the Alboran Sea and the Strait of Gibraltar. The research work was enriched by collaboration (and sometimes diving) with the following colleagues worldwide: María Altamirano, Francisco Conde, José A. Fernández, Félix L. Figueroa, Eric C. Henry (who also revised the English style and usage of this chapter), Hiroshi Kawai, Ángel A. Luque, F. Xavier Niell, José Templado, and Christian Wiencke. José C. Moreno and the organization OCEANA were the authors of the submarine photographs. The writing of the chapter was financially supported by the Junta de Andalucía Research Group RNM-115.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Plant Biology (Botany)University of MálagaMálagaSpain

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