The Music Industry Boom Until 1920
The companies of the phonographic industry were already globally acting corporations around 1900. Between 1902 and 1910, the U.S. and European companies expanded their business activities into the most remote regions of the world. For instance, in 1910 a sound engineer of the British Gramophone Company gave an account of a recording tour through the Caucasus where he recorded the folk songs of the native Cossacks onto record (Noble 1913, cited in Gronow 1983, p. 58). But the sound engineers from Paris, London, and New York were also sent to other regions of the world, such as Central Asia, India, China, Southeast Asia, South and Central America, North Africa, etc., in order to record locally performed music. Subsequently, the central record plants in Europe and the U.S. reproduced these recordings and re-imported them as records to the music’s countries of origin.