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Lignocellulose Pretreatment by Ionic Liquids: A Promising Start Point for Bio-energy Production

  • Haibo Xie
  • Wujun Liu
  • Zongbao K. Zhao
Chapter

Abstract

Lignocellulosic biomass, primarily being a complex mixture of cellulose, hemicellulose, and lignin, is naturally resistant to breakdown by pests, disease, and weather. This inherent recalcitrance makes the production of monosugars or other valuable chemicals from lignocellulose expensive and inefficient. The fractionation and activation of lignocellulosic biomass is regarded as an entry point challenge toward an establishment of cost competitive bio-economy. Ionic liquids have shown good solubility of biomass, and a lot of efforts have been devoted into preparing new sustainable materials, chemicals from biomass with ionic liquids, which have been regarded as one of top emerging technologies for biomass processing and conversion. In this chapter, up-to-date progress of monosugars production with the ionic liquids-based pretreatment technology has been reviewed, aiming to address the opportunities and challenges of this technology for bio-energy and biochemicals production.

Keywords

Ionic Liquid Rice Straw Corn Stover Lignocellulosic Material Biomass Pretreatment 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Dalian National Laboratory for Clean EnergyDalian Institute of Chemical Physics, CASDalianPeople’s Republic of China

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