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Bioextraction: The Interface of Biotechnology and Green Chemistry

  • Rakesh Kumar Sharma
  • Alok Adholeya
  • Aditi Puri
  • Manab Das
Chapter

Abstract

Industrialization and globalization are causing numerous fluctuations in our ecosystem including increased level of heavy metals. Bioextraction is an alternative to the existing chemical processes for better efficiency with least amount of by-products at optimum utilization of energy. Here is an overview of bioextraction methodology and its associated biological processes, and discussion of the approaches that have been used successfully for withdrawal of heavy metals using metal selective high biomass transgenic plants and microbes from contaminated sites and sub-graded ores. The future of bioextraction is challenging as it offers advantages of operational simplicity, low capital and operating cost, and shorter construction times that no other alternative process can provide. Above all, due to environmental friendliness use of this technology is set to increase.

Keywords

Sodium Aluminate Acidithiobacillus Ferrooxidans Tannery Sludge Tannery Waste High Biomass Plant 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rakesh Kumar Sharma
    • 1
  • Alok Adholeya
    • 2
  • Aditi Puri
    • 1
  • Manab Das
    • 2
  1. 1.Green Chemistry Network Centre, Department of ChemistryUniversity of DelhiDelhiIndia
  2. 2.Biotechnology and Management of Bioresources DivisionThe Energy and Resources InstituteNew DelhiIndia

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