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Lignin as Source of Fine Chemicals: Vanillin and Syringaldehyde

  • Paula C. Rodrigues Pinto
  • Eduardo A. Borges da Silva
  • Alírio E. Rodrigues
Chapter

Abstract

The sustainability of processes to integrate in biochemical and thermochemical platforms is a key factor for the success of lignocellulose-based biorefineries. Production and separation of high added-value compounds from renewable resources are emergent areas of science and technology with relevance to both scientific and industrial communities. Lignin is one of the raw materials with high potential due to its chemistry and proprieties. One of the routes is the production of aromatic aldehydes, vanillin, and syringaldehyde, toward environmental friendly processes as oxidation with O2, including separation of products by membrane and ion exchange processes. In this chapter, the types, availability, and characteristics of lignins are described, as well as the current trends of some industrial producers and processors. A concise yet comprehensive revision of the literature on lignin oxidation research focusing vanillin and syringaldehyde is provided. Separation processes for recovery of the aldehydes are included closing with a design of reaction and separation integrated process for aldehydes production from lignin.

Keywords

Black Liquor Kraft Lignin Bubble Column Reactor Veratric Acid Sulfite Pulp 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgments

Authors are grateful to Dr. Detlef Schmiedl, Fraunhofer Institute for Chemical Technology, Germany and Dr. Daniel Araújo, Faculty of Engineering, University of Porto, Portugal, for kindly providing figures and data.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Paula C. Rodrigues Pinto
    • 1
  • Eduardo A. Borges da Silva
    • 1
  • Alírio E. Rodrigues
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratory of Separation and Reaction Engineering—LSRE, Associate Laboratory LSRE/LCM, Department of Chemical EngineeringFaculty of Engineering, University of PortoPortoPortugal

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