Nevogenesis pp 99-110 | Cite as

Molecular Nevogenesis: An Update

  • Andrew L. Ross
  • Margaret I. Sanchez
  • James M. Grichnik
Chapter

Abstract

Nevogenesis is a multifactorial process that involves a complex interplay of genetic and environmental factors. Growth promoting mutations (NRAS, HRAS, BRAF, and GNAQ) known to be present in various types of malignant melanoma have also been identified in benign nevi. Their presence roughly correlates with congenital, Spitz, acquired, and blue nevi, respectively. These mutations are likely to play a critical role in driving nevogenesis through activation of the MAP kinase pathway. However, mutations in these genes result in different cellular effects that cause the cells to migrate, proliferate, and differentiate to different extents within the skin. This causes each mutation to give rise to a characteristic growth pattern. Further research is necessary to fully understand nevus development given that most of the same developmental pathways are also present in melanoma.

Keywords

BRAF Mutation BRAF V600E Mutation NRAS Mutation Cyclobutane Pyrimidine Dimer Dysplastic Nevus 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Conflict of Interest

DigitalDerm, Inc – major shareholder. Spectral Image, Inc – past grants and consulting. MELA Sciences, Inc – past grants and consulting. Genentech – consultant. Archives of Dermatology, skINsight section – editor.

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Copyright information

© Springer- Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Andrew L. Ross
    • 1
  • Margaret I. Sanchez
    • 1
  • James M. Grichnik
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Dermatology and Cutaneous SurgeryUniversity of Miami Miller School of MedicineMiamiUSA
  2. 2.Melanoma Program, Department of Dermatology and Cutaneous SurgerySylvester Comprehensive Cancer CenterMiamiUSA
  3. 3.Interdisciplinary Stem Cell Institute, Miller School of MedicineUniversity of MiamiMiamiUSA

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