Basic Plant Organisation: How it Differs from that of Animals

  • Yiannis Manetas


The basic organization of the plant body and its functions is analyzed by comparison to that of animals, which are more familiar to us. Plants’ nutritional self-sufficiency and the diffuse nature of nutrient and energy acquisition render movement redundant. In turn, immobility determines most biological characteristics of plants, notably their asymmetry, continuous growth, high surface-to-volume ratio, increased phenotypic plasticity, relative independence of parts and inherent capability for organ replacement.


Seed Bank Phenotypic Plasticity Meristematic Cell Xylem Vessel Aboveground Part 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yiannis Manetas
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of BiologyUniversity of PatrasPatrasGreece

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