Experimental Power Harvesting from a Pipe Using a Macro Fiber Composite (MFC)

  • Eziwarman
  • G. L. Forbes
  • I. M. Howard
Part of the Advances in Intelligent and Soft Computing book series (AINSC, volume 144)


Piezoelectric material can be used to transform ambient vibration energy into small amounts of electrical power. As piezoelectric materials have been developing, such as lead-zirconate-titanate (PZT), Quick Pack (QP), macro fiber composite (MFC) and polyvinylidineflouride (PVDF), many researchers have been investigating their applications. This research investigates the possibility of electrical energy being generated by a macro fiber composite (MFC) patch mounted onto the surface of a pipe structure. In addition to the application of MFC, this research investigates the effect of varying load impedance to; the resonance frequency, voltage and electrical power generated by the structure. The results presented are for a large structure where most previous research on power harvesting has been undertaken on much smaller structures.


energy harvesting vibration MFC piezoelectric harvesting pipe vibration 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Sodano, H.A., Inman, D.J., Park, G.: A review of Power Harvesting from Vibration Using Piezoelectric Material. The Shock and Vibration Digest 36, 197–205 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Anton, S.R., Sodano, H.A.: A review of Power Harvesting Using Piezoelectric Materials (2003-2006). Smart Material and Structures 16, R1–R21 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Priya, S.: Advance in Energy Harvesting Using Low Profile Piezoelectric Transducers. Electroceram. 19, 165–182 (2007)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Chalasani, S., Conrad, J.M.: A survey of Energy Harvesting Sources for Embedded System. In: Proc. IEEE Southeastcon, Huntsville, AL, April 2008, pp. 442–447 (2008)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Mitcheson, P.D., Yetaman, E.M., Rao, G.K., Holmes, A.S., Green, T.C.: Energy Harvesting form Human and Machine Motion for Wireless Electronic Device. In: Proc. IEEE, September 2008, pp. 1457–1486 (2008)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Beeby, S.P., Tudor, M.J., White, N.M.: Energy Harvesting Vibration Sources for Microsystems Applications. Measurement Science and Technology 17, R175–R195 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Roundy, S., Wright, P.K., Rabaey, J.: A study of Low Level Vibration as a Power Source for Wireless Sensor Nodes. Computer Communication 26, 1131–1144 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Kysmissis, J., Kendall, C., Paradiso, J., Gershenfeld, N.: Parasitic Power Harvesting in Shoes. In: Proc. IEEE Internationational Symposium on Wearable Computers, October 1998, pp. 132–139. IEEE Press, Pittsburg (1998)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Feenstra, J., Granstrom, J., Sodano, H.A.: Energy Harvesting Through a Backpack Employing a mechanically Amplified Piezoelectric Stack. Mechanical System and Signal Processing 22, 721–734 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Erturk, A., Inman, D.J.: An Experimentally Validated Bimorph Cantilever Model for Piezolectric Energy Harvesting from Base Excitation. Smart Material and Structures 18, 18 p (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Lumentut, M.F., Howard, I.M.: An Analytical Method for Vibration Modelling of Piezoelectric Bimorph Beam for Power Harvesting. In: Proc. ASME 2009 Conference on Smart Materials Adaptive Structure and Inteligent Systems, Oxnard, California, USA (September 2009)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Sodano, H.A., Inman, D.J., Park, G.: Comparison of Piezoelectric Energy Harvesting Device for Recharging Batteries. Intelligent Material Systems and Structure 16, 799 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Eziwarman
    • 1
    • 2
  • G. L. Forbes
    • 1
  • I. M. Howard
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Mechanical EngineeringCurtin University PerthBentleyAustralia
  2. 2.University of Bung HattaPadangIndonesia

Personalised recommendations