Judicial Independence in Poland

  • Adam Bodnar
  • Łukasz Bojarski
Part of the Beiträge zum ausländischen öffentlichen Recht und Völkerrecht book series (BEITRÄGE, volume 233)


Following 20 years of transformation, Poland has an independent judiciary, in both the constitutional and practical sense. Guarantees of Polish law, although perhaps not perfect with respect to certain issues, provide a general guarantee of independence which is additionally reinforced by guardians of this principle, in particular the National Council of the Judiciary. The Polish judiciary has so-called institutional memory. In 1989 there was no radical clearing out of the justice system of judges who collaborated with the previous system. Thanks to this it was possible to stabilize a legal system immediately after the start of transformation and to make a natural shift in generations of judges and build the principle of independence on a long term basis.


Legal Profession National School District Court High Court Judicial Independence 
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Copyright information

© Max-Planck-Gesellschaft zur Förderung der Wissenschaften e.V. 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Adam Bodnar
    • 1
  • Łukasz Bojarski
    • 2
  1. 1.Warsaw UniversityWarsawPoland
  2. 2.Institute for Law and SocietyWarsawPoland

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