Judicial Independence in Switzerland
The basic provision concerning judicial independence in Switzerland is Article 191c Federal Constitution, which states that in their adjudicative activity all judicial authorities are independent and subject only to the law. Furthermore, the basic rights catalogue states the right to an independent and impartial tribunal established by law.1 Judicial independence as guaranteed in Article 191c Federal Constitution has a twodimensional meaning: on the one hand, it guarantees a judicial organization that realizes the basic right to an independent and impartial tribunal established by law.2 On the other hand, Article 191c Federal Constitution is to be seen in connection with the principle of separation of powers and demands to secure the judiciary institutionally as a separate power 3.
KeywordsFederal Level Federal Court Judicial Independence Federal Constitution Federal Supreme
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